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Answer: The rates of many atmospheric reactions are

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus ISBN: 9780321910417 77

Solution for problem 122IE Chapter 14

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

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Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

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Problem 122IE

The rates of many atmospheric reactions are accelerated by the absorption of light by one of the reactants. For example, consider the reaction between methane and chlorine to produce methyl chloride and hydrogen chloride:

Reaction 1: CH4(g) + CI2(g) — CH3CI(g) + HCI(g)

This reaction is very slow in the absence of light. However. CI2(g) can absorb light to form Cl atoms:

Reaction 2: CI2(g) + hv — 2 Cl(g)

Once the Cl atoms are generated, they can catalyze the reaction of CH4 and CI2. according to the following proposed mechanism:

Reaction 3: CH4(g) + Cl(g) — CH3(g) + HCI(g)

Reaction 4: CH3(g) + CI2(g) — CH3CI(g) + Cl(g)

The enthalpy changes and activation energies for these two reactions are tabulated as follows:

(a) By using the bond enthalpy for CI2 (Table), determine the longest wavelength of light that is energetic enough to cause reaction 2 to occur. In which portion of the electromagnetic spectrum is this light found? (b) By using the data tabulated here, sketch a quantitative energy profile for the catalyzed reaction represented by reactions 3 and 4. (c) By using bond enthalpies, estimate where the reactants. CH4(g) + CI2(g). should be placed on your diagram in part (b). Use this result to estimate the value of Ea for the reaction CH4(g) + CI2(g)^CH3(g) + HCI(g) + Cl(g). (d) The species Cl(g) and CH3(g) in reactions 3 and 4 are radicals, that is, atoms or molecules with unpaired electrons. Draw a Lewis structure of CH3. and verify that it is a radical, (e) The sequence of reactions 3 and 4 comprises aradical chain mechanism. Why do

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CHEM​ ​142​ ​–​ ​Craig​ ​​(9/29/17) LECTURE​ ​1.1:​ ​The​ N ​ ature​ ​of​ ​Light​​ nd​ ​Matter Reading ● The​ ​Nature​ ​of​ ​Energy​ ​(12.0) ● Electromagnetic​ R ​ adiation​ ​(12.1) ● The​ ​Nature​ ​of​ ​Matter​ ​(12.2) ● Suggested​ ​Problems:​ ​Ch.​ ​12​ ​#23,​ 1 ​ 25,​ ​127,​ ​139 Questions ● What​ ​is​ ​light ● How​ d ​ o​​ ight​ ​and​ ​matter​ nteract Electromagnetic​ S ​ pectrum Radio​ ​waves​ ​→​ ​Microwaves​ ​​→​ ​​Infrared​ ​​→​ ​​Visible​ ​Light​ ​→​ ​Ultraviolet​ ​​→​ ​​X-rays​ ​​→​ ​​γ​ ​rays Characterizing​ ​Light/Energy ● Wavelength​ ​(λ):​ ​distance​ ​between​ ​two​ ​consecutive​ ​peaks/troughs​ ​in​ ​wave ● Frequency​ ​(ν)​ ​number​ ​of​ ​waves​ ​that​ ​pass​ ​a​ ​given​ ​point​ ​in​ ​space​ ​per​ ​second

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Chapter 14, Problem 122IE is Solved
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 13
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus
ISBN: 9780321910417

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Answer: The rates of many atmospheric reactions are