Suppose that the alleles for eye color for a certain male fruit fly are (R, W) and the alleles for eye color for the mating female fruit fly are (R, W), where R and W represent red and white, respectively. Their offspring receive one allele for eye color from each parent. (a) Define the sample space of the alleles for eye color for the offspring. (b) Assume that each of the four possible outcomes has equal probability. If an offspring ends up with either two white alleles or one red and one white allele for eye color, its eyes will look white. Given that an offsprings eyes look white, what is the conditional probability that it has two white alleles for eye color?

Chapter 3 --- Displaying and Describing Quantitative Data The graphical methods used to display quantitative data in this chapter include histograms, stem-and-leaf plots, boxplots, and time series plots. Most of you have seen these types of graphs before and the text gives several examples. That should be enough to refresh your memory of these graphs. We will be using JMP to display these graphs. I will be giving severalexamples in these notes. In class I will point out the advantages and disadvantages of eachgraphicalmethod. The shape of the distribution is important throughout the course. Is the distribution approximately symmetric or skewed to the right or skewed to the left Detecting unusual features (outliers, gaps, clusters) and what to do about them is another important aspect