- Chapter 1: Introduction to Chemistry
- Chapter 10: The Mole
- Chapter 11: Stoichiometry
- Chapter 12: States of Matter
- Chapter 13: Gases
- Chapter 14: Mixtures and Solutions
- Chapter 15: Energy and Chemical Change
- Chapter 16: Reaction Rates
- Chapter 17: Chemical Equilibrium
- Chapter 18: Acids and Bases
- Chapter 19: Redox Reactions
- Chapter 2: Analyzing Data
- Chapter 20: Electrochemistry
- Chapter 21: Hydrocarbons
- Chapter 22: Substituted Hydrocarbons and Their Reactions
- Chapter 23: The Chemistry of Life
- Chapter 24: Nuclear Chemistry
- Chapter 3: Matter Properties and Changes
- Chapter 4: The Structure of the Atom
- Chapter 5: Electrons in Atoms
- Chapter 6: The Periodic Table and Periodic Law
- Chapter 7: Ionic Compounds and Metals
- Chapter 8: Covalent Bonding
- Chapter 9: Chemical Reactions
Chemistry: Matter & Change 1st Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Chemistry: Matter & Change | 1st Edition
In UV-Vis spectroscopy, the value log (I0/I) where I0 is the intensity of the reference beam and I is the intensity of the sample beam.
activated complex (transition state)
The particular arrangement of atoms found at the top of the potential-energy barrier as a reaction proceeds from reactants to products. (Section 14.5)
The difference in Gibbs free energy between reactants and a transition state
A steroid hormone, such as testosterone, that mediates the development of sexual characteristics of males.
A statement that the volume of a gas maintained at constant temperature and pressure is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas. (Section 10.3)
bonding molecular orbital.
A molecular orbital that is of lower energy and greater stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)
A microcrystalline form of carbon. (Section 22.9)
Cis, trans isomers
Stereoisomers that have the same connectivity but a different arrangement of their atoms in space as a result of the presence of either a ring or a carboncarbon double bond.
A twostep process that achieves an anti-Markovnikov addition of a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) across an alkene.
A compound containing an !OOH group.
Isoelectric point (pI)
The pH at which an amino acid, polypeptide, or protein has no net charge
A compound containing two carbon-carbon p bonds that are separated by two or more s bonds.
A spherical arrangement of organic molecules in water solution clustered so that their hydrophobic parts are buried inside the sphere and their hydrophilic parts are on the surface of the sphere and in contact with water
The specifi c rotation of a mixture of enantiomers divided by the specifi c rotation of the enantiomerically pure substance (expressed as a percent). Optical purity is numerically equal to enantiomeric excess, but experimentally determined.
A property that a substance possesses if it contains one or more unpaired electrons. A paramagnetic substance is drawn into a magnetic field. (Section 9.8)
When electromagnetic radiation is viewed as a particle, an individual packet of energy.
Planck constant (h)
The constant that relates the energy and frequency of a photon, E = hn. Its value is 6.626 * 10-34 J@s. (Section 6.2)
The closeness of agreement among several measurements of the same quantity; the reproducibility of a measurement. (Section 1.5)
A measure of the force exerted on a unit area. In chemistry, pressure is often expressed in units of atmospheres (atm) or torr: 760 torr = 1 atm; in SI units pressure is expressed in pascals (Pa). (Section 10.2)
A carbocation in which the positive charge resides on a vinylic carbon atom. This type of carbocation is very unstable and will not readily form in most cases.