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Solutions for Chapter 7.4: Determining Chemical Formulas
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
A functional group characterized by two alkoxy (OR) groups connected to the same carbon atom.Acetals can be used as protecting groups for aldehydes or ketones.
An object that lacks chirality; an object that has no handedness
Any reaction in which a new carbon-carbon bond to an alkyl group is formed.
boiling-point elevation (DTb).
The boiling point of the solution (Tb) minus the boiling point of the pure solvent (T° b). (12.6)
A nucleophilic acyl substitution reaction in which the nucleophile is an ester enolate and the electrophile is an ester.
Faraday constant (F )
The magnitude of charge of one mole of electrons: 96,500 C>mol. (Section 20.5)
A polyhydroxy aldehyde whose formula is CH2OH1CHOH24CHO; it is the most important of the monosaccharides. (Section 24.8)
The lowest energy state of a system.
The attractive interaction between a hydrogen atom bonded to an atom of high electronegativity (most commonly O or N) and a lone pair of electrons on another atom of high electronegativity (again, most commonly O or N).
A type of isomerism involving keto (from ketone) and enol tautomers
Elements in the s and p blocks of the periodic table. (Section 6.9)
A device inwhich a compound is first vaporized and convertedinto ions, which are then separated anddetected.
partially condensed structures
A drawing style in which the CH bonds are not drawn explicitly, but all other bonds are drawn.
A polymer of amino acids that has a molecular weight of less than 10,000. (Section 24.7)
A radioactive nuclide. (Section 21.1)
A recording in an NMR spectrum of a nuclear magnetic resonance
A polymer in which its growing chains are terminated by formation of new functional groups at both ends of its chains. These new functional groups are introduced by adding reagents, such as CO2 or ethylene oxide, to the growing chains.
A diverse class of naturally occurring compounds that can be thought of as being assembled from isoprene units, each of which contains five carbon atoms.
Highly crosslinked polymers that are generally very hard and insoluble.
Compounds containing a mercapto group (SH).