Solutions for Chapter 9: Stoichiometry

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 9: Stoichiometry

Solutions for Chapter 9
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Textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012
Edition: 1
Author: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis
ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1. Since 59 problems in chapter 9: Stoichiometry have been answered, more than 23755 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 9: Stoichiometry includes 59 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • actual yield.

    The amount of product actually obtained in a reaction. (3.10)

  • Allene

    The compound CH2"C"CH2. Any compound that contains adjacent carbon-carbon double bonds; that is, any molecule that contains a C"C"C functional group.

  • amines.

    Organic bases that have the functional group —NR2, where R may be H, an alkyl group, or an aromatic group. (24.4)

  • Amino acid

    A compound that contains both an amino group and a carboxyl group

  • Avogadro’s law.

    At constant pressure and temperature, the volume of a gas is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas present. (5.3)

  • bond cleavage

    The breaking of a bond, either homolytically or heterolytically. bond dissociation energy (Sect. 6.1): The energy required to achieve homolytic bond cleavage (generating radicals).

  • delocalized

    A lone pair or charge that is participating in resonance.

  • Enantiotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.

  • flagpole interactions

    For cyclohexane, the steric interactions that occur between the flagpole hydrogen atoms in a boat conformation.

  • glass transition temperature (Tg)

    The temperature at which noncrystalline polymers become very soft.

  • halogens

    Members of group 7A in the periodic table. (Section 7.8)

  • heat of combustion

    The heat given off during a reaction in which an alkane reacts with oxygen to produce CO2 and water.

  • Infrared active

    Any molecular vibration that leads to a substantial change in dipole moment and is observed in an IR spectrum.

  • Monomer

    From the Greek, mono 1 meros, meaning single part. The simplest nonredundant unit from which a polymer is synthesized.

  • node

    In atomic and molecular orbitals, a location where the value of y is zero.

  • Nucleophilic aromatic substitution

    A reaction in which a nucleophile, most commonly a halogen, on an aromatic ring is replaced by another nucleophile.

  • oxidation

    A reaction in which one compound undergoes an increase in oxidation state.

  • photosynthesis

    The process that occurs in plant leaves by which light energy is used to convert carbon dioxide and water to carbohydrates and oxygen. (Section 23.3)

  • protecting group

    A group that is used during synthesis to protect a functional group from the reaction conditions.

  • rate equation

    An equation thatdescribes the relationship between the rate of a reactionand the concentration of reactants.

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