Solutions for Chapter 9: Stoichiometry

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 9: Stoichiometry

Solutions for Chapter 9
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Textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012
Edition: 1
Author: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis
ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1. Since 59 problems in chapter 9: Stoichiometry have been answered, more than 20486 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 9: Stoichiometry includes 59 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • absolute temperature scale.

    A temperature scale that uses the absolute zero of temperature as the lowest temperature. (5.3)

  • antibonding molecular orbital.

    A molecular orbital that is of higher energy and lower stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)

  • colligative property

    A property of a solvent (vapor-pressure lowering, freezing-point lowering, boiling-point elevation, osmotic pressure) that depends on the total concentration of solute particles present. (Section 13.5)

  • E

    For alkenes, a stereodescriptorthat indicates that the two priority groups are on opposite sides of the p bond.

  • Endothermic reaction

    A reaction in which the enthalpy of the products is higher than the enthalpy of the reactants; a reaction in which heat is absorbed

  • fuel cell

    A voltaic cell that utilizes the oxidation of a conventional fuel, such as H2 or CH4, in the cell reaction. (Section 20.7)

  • Glycol

    A compound with hydroxyl (!OH) groups on adjacent carbons.

  • Halohydrin

    A compound containing a halogen atom and a hydroxyl group on adjacent carbons; those containing Br and OH are bromohydrins, and those containing Cl and OH are chlorohydrins.

  • Hammond postulate

    In an exothermic process the transition state is closer in energy to the reactants than to the products, and therefore the structure of the transition state more closely resembles the reactants. In contrast, the transition state in an endothermic process is closer in energy to the products, and therefore the transition state more closely resembles the products.

  • heterolytic bond cleavage

    Bond breaking that results in the formation of ions.

  • ionic hydrides

    Compounds formed when hydrogen reacts with alkali metals and also the heavier alkaline earths (Ca, Sr, and Ba); these compounds contain the hydride ion, H-. (Section 22.2)

  • kinetics

    A term that refers to the rate of a reaction.

  • mass percentage

    The number of grams of solute in each 100 g of solution. (Section 13.4)

  • metallic hydrides

    Compounds formed when hydrogen reacts with transition metals; these compounds contain the hydride ion, H-. (Section 22.2)

  • mole fraction

    The ratio of the number of moles of one component of a mixture to the total moles of all components; abbreviated X, with a subscript to identify the component. (Section 10.6)

  • optically pure

    A solution containing just one enantiomer, but not its mirror image.

  • Organometallic compound

    A compound that contains a carbon-metal bond.

  • ozonolysis

    A reaction in which the CRC bond of an alkene is cleaved to form two CRO bonds.

  • polymer

    A large molecule of high molecular mass, formed by the joining together, or polymerization, of a large number of molecules of low molecular mass. The individual molecules forming the polymer are called monomers. (Sections 12.1 and 12.8)

  • secondary alkyl halide

    An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to exactly two alkyl groups.

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