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Solutions for Chapter 21: Aldehydes and KetonesNucleophilic Addition

Organic Chemistry | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780077354725 | Authors: Janice Gorzynski Smith

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 3rd Edition

ISBN: 9780077354725

Organic Chemistry | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780077354725 | Authors: Janice Gorzynski Smith

Solutions for Chapter 21: Aldehydes and KetonesNucleophilic Addition

Solutions for Chapter 21
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 3
Author: Janice Gorzynski Smith
ISBN: 9780077354725

Since 84 problems in chapter 21: Aldehydes and KetonesNucleophilic Addition have been answered, more than 66272 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 3. Chapter 21: Aldehydes and KetonesNucleophilic Addition includes 84 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780077354725.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • addition reactions

    Reactions that are characterized by the addition of two groups across a double bond. In the process, the pi (p) bond is broken.

  • C-Terminal amino acid

    The amino acid at the end of a polypeptide chain having the free !COOH group.

  • Chiral center

    A tetrahedral atom, most commonly carbon, that is bonded to four different groups; also called a chirality center

  • Circular DNA

    A type of double-stranded DNA in which the 59 and 39 ends of each strand are joined by phosphodiester groups.

  • closest packing.

    The most efficient arrangements for packing atoms, molecules, or ions in a crystal. (11.4)

  • Disproportionation

    A termination process that involves the abstraction of a hydrogen atom from the beta position of the propagating radical of one chain by the radical endgroup of another chain.

  • electron-sea model

    A model for the behavior of electrons in metals. (Section 12.4)

  • fossil fuels

    Coal, oil, and natural gas, which are presently our major sources of energy. (Section 5.8)

  • High-density lipoprotein (HDL)

    Plasma particles, density 1.06–1.21 g/mL, consisting of approximately 33% proteins, 30% cholesterol, 29% phospholipids, and 8% triglycerides.

  • Imine

    A compound containing a carbon-nitrogen double bond, R2C"NR’; also called a Schiff base

  • law of definite proportions

    A law that states that the elemental composition of a pure substance is always the same, regardless of its source; also called the law of constant composition. (Section 1.2)

  • molecule

    A chemical combination of two or more atoms. (Sections 1.1 and 2.6)

  • Orbital

    A region of space that can hold two electrons

  • R (Section 3.3)

    From the Latin, rectus, straight, correct; used in the R,S convention to show that the order of priority of groups on a chiral center is clockwise.

  • radioactive

    Possessing radioactivity, the spontaneous disintegration of an unstable atomic nucleus with accompanying emission of radiation. (Section 2.2; Chapter 21: Introduction)

  • sigma (s) bond

    A bond that is characterized by circular symmetry with respect to the bond axis.

  • Soap

    A sodium or potassium salt of a fatty acid

  • solution alloy

    A homogeneous alloy, where two or more elements are distributed randomly and uniformly throughout the solid. (Section 12.3)

  • substituents

    In nomenclature, the groups connected to the parent chain.

  • thiols

    Compounds containing a mercapto group (SH).

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