- 21.21-1: Describe the mechanism of the production of an MNN Auger electron.
- 21.21-2: Describe how it is possible to distinguish between XPS peaks and Au...
- 21.21-3: Explain why the information from an XPS chemical shift must also be...
- 21.21-4: An XPS electron was found to have a kinetic energy of 1073.5 eV whe...
- 21.21-5: An XPS electron was found to have a kinetic energy of 1052.6 eV whe...
- 21.21-6: Compare EELS to conventional infrared and Raman spectroscopy. Focus...
- 21.21-7: Compare ISS to RBS. For both cases, draw diagrams of the instrument...
- 21.21-8: How does static SIMS instrumentally differ from dynamic SIMS? How d...
- 21.21-9: What are the main advantages of surface photon techniques when comp...
- 21.21-10: What is a buried interface and what techniques are available to stu...
- 21.21-11: Name three possible sources of signals with the SEM. Differentiate ...
- 21.21-12: Name the two most common types of scanning probe microscopes.(a) Ho...
- 21.21-13: If the tunneling current is 10.0 pA when an STM probe is 0.40 nm fr...
- 21.21-14: Quantitative X-ray photoelectron spectrometry has become more popul...
Solutions for Chapter 21: Surface Characterization by Spectroscopy and Microscopy
Full solutions for Principles of Instrumental Analysis | 6th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 21: Surface Characterization by Spectroscopy and MicroscopyGet Full Solutions
The decay rate of a radioactive material, generally expressed as the number of disintegrations per unit time. (Section 21.4)
A monocyclic compound that is planar or nearly so, has one 2p orbital on each atom of the ring, and has 4n p electrons in the cyclic arrangement of overlapping 2p orbitals, where n is an integer. Antiaromatic compounds are especially unstable
bonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which the electron density is concentrated in the internuclear region. The energy of a bonding molecular orbital is lower than the energy of the separate atomic orbitals from which it forms. (Section 9.7)
A temperature scale on which water freezes at 0° and boils at 100° at sea level. (Section 1.4)
The most stable nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring; all bond angles are approximately 109.5°, and all bonds on adjacent carbons are staggered.
A type of double-stranded DNA in which the 59 and 39 ends of each strand are joined by phosphodiester groups.
Reactions in which two p systems are joined together in a way that forms a ring. In the process, two p bonds are converted into two s bonds.
A material that can undergo a substantial change in shape via stretching, bending, or compression and return to its original shape upon release of the distorting force. (Section 12.6)
Therange of all frequencies of electromagnetic radiation,which is arbitrarily divided into severalregions, most commonly by wavelength.
Any process with a positive DG.
energy of activation
In an energy diagram, the height of the energy barrier (the hump) between the reactants and the products.
A catalyst that is in the same phase as the reactant substances. (Section 14.7)
The extent to which an element exhibits the physical and chemical properties characteristic of metals, for example, luster, malleability, ductility, and good thermal and electrical conductivity. (Section 7.6)
A graphic representation of the equilibria among the solid, liquid, and gaseous phases of a substance as a function of temperature and pressure. (Section 11.6)
A reaction that involves the participation of ions as reactants, intermediates, or products.
The determination of the amount of a given substance that is present in a sample. (Section 17.7)
A concise verbal statement or a mathematical equation that summarizes a wide range of observations and experiences. (Section 1.3)
A nucleophilic substitution in which the solvent is also the nucleophile
In IR spectroscopy, when two bonds are stretching in phase with each other.
The distance between consecutive peaks on a wave