- 21.21-1: Describe the mechanism of the production of an MNN Auger electron.
- 21.21-2: Describe how it is possible to distinguish between XPS peaks and Au...
- 21.21-3: Explain why the information from an XPS chemical shift must also be...
- 21.21-4: An XPS electron was found to have a kinetic energy of 1073.5 eV whe...
- 21.21-5: An XPS electron was found to have a kinetic energy of 1052.6 eV whe...
- 21.21-6: Compare EELS to conventional infrared and Raman spectroscopy. Focus...
- 21.21-7: Compare ISS to RBS. For both cases, draw diagrams of the instrument...
- 21.21-8: How does static SIMS instrumentally differ from dynamic SIMS? How d...
- 21.21-9: What are the main advantages of surface photon techniques when comp...
- 21.21-10: What is a buried interface and what techniques are available to stu...
- 21.21-11: Name three possible sources of signals with the SEM. Differentiate ...
- 21.21-12: Name the two most common types of scanning probe microscopes.(a) Ho...
- 21.21-13: If the tunneling current is 10.0 pA when an STM probe is 0.40 nm fr...
- 21.21-14: Quantitative X-ray photoelectron spectrometry has become more popul...
Solutions for Chapter 21: Surface Characterization by Spectroscopy and Microscopy
Full solutions for Principles of Instrumental Analysis | 6th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 21: Surface Characterization by Spectroscopy and MicroscopyGet Full Solutions
Any reaction in which a new carbon-carbon bond to an alkyl group is formed.
The conjugate base of a terminal alkyne.
The positively charged, resonance-stabilized, intermediate of anelectrophilic aromatic substitution reaction. Also called a sigma complex.
A polymer with completely random confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, atactic polypropylene
chemical shift (d)
In an NMR spectrum, the location of a signal, defined relative to the frequency of absorption of a reference compound, tetramethylsilane (TMS).
complex ion (complex)
An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases (ligands) bonded to it. (Section 17.5)
E (Section 5.2C)
From the German, entgegen, opposite. Specifi es that groups of higher priority on the carbons of a double bond are on opposite sides
Diastereomers that differ from each other in the configuration of only one chirality center.
Matter that has no fixed volume or shape; it conforms to the volume and shape of its container. (Section 1.2)
lambda max (lmax)
In UVVis spectroscopy, the wavelength of maximum absorption.
Nucleophilic aromatic substitution
A reaction in which a nucleophile, most commonly a halogen, on an aromatic ring is replaced by another nucleophile.
The loss of electrons. Alternatively, either the loss of hydrogens, the gain of oxygens, or both.
A process in which a substance loses one or more electrons. (Section 4.4)
pH titration curve
A graph of pH as a function of added titrant. (Section 17.3)
Small molecules that are trapped between polymer chains where they function as lubricants, preventing the polymer from being brittle.
A polymer containing the !NHCO2! group as a repeating unit
A carbohydrate that is oxidized upon treatment with Tollens’ reagent, Fehling’s reagent, or Benedict’s reagent.
Compounds containing silicon and oxygen, structurally based on SiO4 tetrahedra. (Section 22.10)
Common leaving groups. Examples include tosylate, mesylate, and triflate ions.
Compounds containing a mercapto group (SH).