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Solutions for Chapter 21: Surface Characterization by Spectroscopy and Microscopy

Principles of Instrumental Analysis | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9780495012016 | Authors: Douglas A. Skoog F. James Holler Stanley R. Crouch

Full solutions for Principles of Instrumental Analysis | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9780495012016

Principles of Instrumental Analysis | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9780495012016 | Authors: Douglas A. Skoog F. James Holler Stanley R. Crouch

Solutions for Chapter 21: Surface Characterization by Spectroscopy and Microscopy

Principles of Instrumental Analysis was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780495012016. Since 14 problems in chapter 21: Surface Characterization by Spectroscopy and Microscopy have been answered, more than 9456 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 21: Surface Characterization by Spectroscopy and Microscopy includes 14 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Principles of Instrumental Analysis , edition: 6. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Alkylation reaction

    Any reaction in which a new carbon-carbon bond to an alkyl group is formed.

  • alkynide ion

    The conjugate base of a terminal alkyne.

  • arenium ion

    The positively charged, resonance-stabilized, intermediate of anelectrophilic aromatic substitution reaction. Also called a sigma complex.

  • Atactic polymer

    A polymer with completely random confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, atactic polypropylene

  • chemical shift (d)

    In an NMR spectrum, the location of a signal, defined relative to the frequency of absorption of a reference compound, tetramethylsilane (TMS).

  • complex ion (complex)

    An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases (ligands) bonded to it. (Section 17.5)

  • E (Section 5.2C)

    From the German, entgegen, opposite. Specifi es that groups of higher priority on the carbons of a double bond are on opposite sides

  • epimer

    Diastereomers that differ from each other in the configuration of only one chirality center.

  • gas

    Matter that has no fixed volume or shape; it conforms to the volume and shape of its container. (Section 1.2)

  • lambda max (lmax)

    In UVVis spectroscopy, the wavelength of maximum absorption.

  • Nucleophilic aromatic substitution

    A reaction in which a nucleophile, most commonly a halogen, on an aromatic ring is replaced by another nucleophile.

  • Oxidation

    The loss of electrons. Alternatively, either the loss of hydrogens, the gain of oxygens, or both.

  • oxidation

    A process in which a substance loses one or more electrons. (Section 4.4)

  • pH titration curve

    A graph of pH as a function of added titrant. (Section 17.3)

  • plasticizers

    Small molecules that are trapped between polymer chains where they function as lubricants, preventing the polymer from being brittle.

  • Polyurethane

    A polymer containing the !NHCO2! group as a repeating unit

  • reducing sugar

    A carbohydrate that is oxidized upon treatment with Tollens’ reagent, Fehling’s reagent, or Benedict’s reagent.

  • silicates

    Compounds containing silicon and oxygen, structurally based on SiO4 tetrahedra. (Section 22.10)

  • sulfonate ions

    Common leaving groups. Examples include tosylate, mesylate, and triflate ions.

  • thiols

    Compounds containing a mercapto group (SH).

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