Solutions for Chapter 21: Surface Characterization by Spectroscopy and Microscopy

Principles of Instrumental Analysis | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9780495012016 | Authors: Douglas A. Skoog F. James Holler Stanley R. Crouch

Full solutions for Principles of Instrumental Analysis | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9780495012016

Principles of Instrumental Analysis | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9780495012016 | Authors: Douglas A. Skoog F. James Holler Stanley R. Crouch

Solutions for Chapter 21: Surface Characterization by Spectroscopy and Microscopy

Principles of Instrumental Analysis was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780495012016. Since 14 problems in chapter 21: Surface Characterization by Spectroscopy and Microscopy have been answered, more than 5392 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 21: Surface Characterization by Spectroscopy and Microscopy includes 14 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Principles of Instrumental Analysis , edition: 6. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activity

    The decay rate of a radioactive material, generally expressed as the number of disintegrations per unit time. (Section 21.4)

  • Antiaromatic compound

    A monocyclic compound that is planar or nearly so, has one 2p orbital on each atom of the ring, and has 4n p electrons in the cyclic arrangement of overlapping 2p orbitals, where n is an integer. Antiaromatic compounds are especially unstable

  • bonding molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which the electron density is concentrated in the internuclear region. The energy of a bonding molecular orbital is lower than the energy of the separate atomic orbitals from which it forms. (Section 9.7)

  • Celsius scale

    A temperature scale on which water freezes at 0° and boils at 100° at sea level. (Section 1.4)

  • Chair conformation

    The most stable nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring; all bond angles are approximately 109.5°, and all bonds on adjacent carbons are staggered.

  • Circular DNA

    A type of double-stranded DNA in which the 59 and 39 ends of each strand are joined by phosphodiester groups.

  • cycloaddition reactions

    Reactions in which two p systems are joined together in a way that forms a ring. In the process, two p bonds are converted into two s bonds.

  • elastomer

    A material that can undergo a substantial change in shape via stretching, bending, or compression and return to its original shape upon release of the distorting force. (Section 12.6)

  • electromagnetic spectrum

    Therange of all frequencies of electromagnetic radiation,which is arbitrarily divided into severalregions, most commonly by wavelength.

  • endergonic

    Any process with a positive DG.

  • energy of activation

    In an energy diagram, the height of the energy barrier (the hump) between the reactants and the products.

  • homogeneous catalyst

    A catalyst that is in the same phase as the reactant substances. (Section 14.7)

  • metallic character

    The extent to which an element exhibits the physical and chemical properties characteristic of metals, for example, luster, malleability, ductility, and good thermal and electrical conductivity. (Section 7.6)

  • phase diagram

    A graphic representation of the equilibria among the solid, liquid, and gaseous phases of a substance as a function of temperature and pressure. (Section 11.6)

  • polar reaction

    A reaction that involves the participation of ions as reactants, intermediates, or products.

  • quantitative analysis

    The determination of the amount of a given substance that is present in a sample. (Section 17.7)

  • scientific law

    A concise verbal statement or a mathematical equation that summarizes a wide range of observations and experiences. (Section 1.3)

  • Solvolysis

    A nucleophilic substitution in which the solvent is also the nucleophile

  • symmetric stretching

    In IR spectroscopy, when two bonds are stretching in phase with each other.

  • Wavelength (l)

    The distance between consecutive peaks on a wave

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