Solutions for Chapter 2.13: The C5H12 Isomers
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A reaction that achieves the addition of water across a double bond in the presence of an acid catalyst.
A monocyclic compound that is planar or nearly so, has one 2p orbital on each atom of the ring, and has 4n p electrons in the cyclic arrangement of overlapping 2p orbitals, where n is an integer. Antiaromatic compounds are especially unstable
beta (b) anomer
The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose, in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is cis to the CH2OH group.
Streams of electrons that are produced when a high voltage is applied to electrodes in an evacuated tube. (Section 2.2)
Phosphoglycerides that contain ethanolamine.
Processes in which one or more substances are converted into other substances; also called chemical reactions. (Section 1.3)
The gradual mixing of molecules of one gas with the molecules of another by virtue of their kinetic properties. (5.7)
A conformation about a carboncarbon single bond in which the atoms or groups on one carbon are as close as possible to the atoms or groups on an adjacent carbon.
A thermodynamic function associated with the number of different equivalent energy states or spatial arrangements in which a system may be found. It is a thermodynamic state function, which means that once we specify the conditions for a system—that is, the temperature, pressure, and so on—the entropy is defined. (Section 19.2)
A carbanion with the structure RMgX.
The time required for the concentration of a reactant substance to decrease to half its initial value; the time required for half of a sample of a particular radioisotope to decay. (Sections 14.4 and 21.4)
Structural isomers of coordination compounds in which a ligand differs in its mode of attachment to a metal ion. (Section 23.4)
Matter that has a distinct volume but no specific shape. (Section 1.2)
The product obtained when a monosaccharide is treated with an amine in the presence of an acid catalyst.
The extent to which plane-polarized light is rotated by a solution of a chiral compound.
A compound that absorbs light and transfers the energy to another molecule.
A substance made up of many monosaccharide units joined together. (Section 24.8)
Common name for silicon dioxide. (Section 22.4)
Williamson ether synthesis
A general method for the synthesis of dialkyl ethers by an SN2 reaction between a haloalkane and an alkoxide ion.
An internal salt of an amino acid; the carboxylate is negatively charged, and the ammonium group is positively charged
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