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Solutions for Chapter 2: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes: Introduction to Hydrocarbons

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 2: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes: Introduction to Hydrocarbons

Solutions for Chapter 2
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry,
Edition: 9
Author: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano
ISBN: 9780073402741

Chapter 2: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes: Introduction to Hydrocarbons includes 31 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 31 problems in chapter 2: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes: Introduction to Hydrocarbons have been answered, more than 36794 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • amphiprotic

    Refers to the capacity of a substance to either add or lose a proton 1H+2. (Section 16.2)

  • catalyst

    A compound that can speed up the rate of a reaction without itself being consumed by the reaction.

  • cephalins

    Phosphoglycerides that contain ethanolamine.

  • Codon

    A triplet of nucleotides on mRNA that directs incorporation of a specifi c amino acid into a polypeptide sequence.

  • common-ion effect

    A shift of an equilibrium induced by an ion common to the equilibrium. For example, added Na2SO4 decreases the solubility of the slightly soluble salt BaSO4, or added NaF decreases the percent ionization of HF. (Section 17.1)

  • coordinate covalent bond.

    A bond in which the pair of electrons is supplied by one of the two bonded atoms; also called a dative bond. (9.9)

  • crossed Claisen condensation

    A Claisen condensation reaction that occurs between different partners.

  • Cycloalkane

    A saturated hydrocarbon that contains carbons joined to form a ring

  • elastomer

    A material that can undergo a substantial change in shape via stretching, bending, or compression and return to its original shape upon release of the distorting force. (Section 12.6)

  • Hammond’s postulate

    The structure of the transition state for an exothermic step looks more like the reactants of that step than the products. Conversely, the structure of the transition state for an endothermic step looks more like the products of that step than the reactants.

  • heat of sublimation

    The enthalpy change, ?H, for vaporization of a solid. (Section 11.4)

  • l-Monosaccharide

    A monosaccharide that, when written as a Fischer projection, has the !OH on its penultimate carbon to the left.

  • Ortho

    Refers to groups occupying l,2-positions on a benzene ring.

  • overall reaction order

    The sum of the reaction orders of all the reactants appearing in the rate expression when the rate can be expressed as rate = k3A4a 3B4b... . (Section 14.3)

  • oxymercuration-demercuration

    A two-step process for the Markovnikov addition of water across an alkene. With this process, carbocation rearrangements do not occur.

  • photochemical smog

    A complex mixture of undesirable substances produced by the action of sunlight on an urban atmosphere polluted with automobile emissions. The major starting ingredients are nitrogen oxides and organic substances, notably olefins and aldehydes. (Section 18.2)

  • polyurethanes

    Polymers made up of repeating urethane groups, also sometimes called carbamate groups (!N!CO2!).

  • racemic mixture

    A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)

  • Radical

    Any chemical species that contains one or more unpaired electrons.

  • retrosynthetic analysis

    A systematic set of principles that enable the design of a synthetic route by working backward from the desired product.

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