Solutions for Chapter 2: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes: Introduction to Hydrocarbons

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 2: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes: Introduction to Hydrocarbons

Solutions for Chapter 2
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry,
Edition: 9
Author: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano
ISBN: 9780073402741

Chapter 2: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes: Introduction to Hydrocarbons includes 31 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 31 problems in chapter 2: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes: Introduction to Hydrocarbons have been answered, more than 12735 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry, was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • accuracy.

    The closeness of a measurement to the true value of the quantity that is measured. (1.8)

  • Allene

    The compound CH2"C"CH2. Any compound that contains adjacent carbon-carbon double bonds; that is, any molecule that contains a C"C"C functional group.

  • atomic weight

    The average mass of the atoms of an element in atomic mass units (amu); it is numerically equal to the mass in grams of one mole of the element. (Section 2.4)

  • diol

    A compound containing two hydroxyl groups (OH).

  • directed aldol addition

    A techniquefor performing a crossed aldol addition thatproduces one major product.

  • Enantiomers

    Stereoisomers that are nonsuperposable mirror images of each other; refers to a relationship between pairs of objects

  • Gibbs free energy change (DG°)

    The energy that dictates the position of chemical equilibria and rates of chemical reactions. A thermodynamic function of enthalpy, entropy, and temperature, given by the equation DG° 5 DH° 2 TDS°. If DG° , 0, the position of equilibria for the reaction favors products. If DG° . 0, the position of equilibria favors reactants.

  • Hydroboration-oxidation

    A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with borane (BH3) to give a trialkylborane, which is then oxidized with alkaline hydrogen peroxide to give an alcohol

  • Isoelectric point (pI)

    The pH at which an amino acid, polypeptide, or protein has no net charge

  • mass spectrometer

    A device inwhich a compound is first vaporized and convertedinto ions, which are then separated anddetected.

  • microstate

    The state of a system at a particular instant; one of many possible energetically equivalent ways to arrange the components of a system to achieve a particular state. (Section 19.3)

  • nucleic acids

    Polymers of high molecular weight that carry genetic information and control protein synthesis. (Section 24.10)

  • photochemical reaction

    A reaction that is performed with photochemical excitation (usually UV light).

  • progestins

    Female sex hormones.

  • rad

    A measure of the energy absorbed from radiation by tissue or other biological material; 1 rad = transfer of 1 * 10-2 J of energy per kilogram of material. (Section 21.9)

  • reduction

    A reaction in which a compound undergoes a decrease in oxidation state.

  • resonance hybrid

    A term used to describe the character of a chemical entity (molecule, ion, or radical) exhibiting more than one significant resonance structure.

  • ring flip

    A conformational change in which one chair conformation is converted into the other.

  • Sulfi de

    The sulfur analog of an ether; a molecule containing a sulfur atom bonded to two carbon atoms. Sulfi des are also called thioethers

  • Tautomers

    Constitutional isomers in equilibrium with each other that differ in the location of a hydrogen atom and a double bond relative to a heteroatom, most commonly O, N, or S.

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