- 220.127.116.11: Name each of the following using IUPAC nomenclature: (a) (CH3)2C C(...
- 18.104.22.168: Write structural formulas and give the IUPAC names of all the monoc...
Solutions for Chapter 5.1: Alkene Nomenclature
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
Hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds. They have the general formula CnH2n22, where n 5 2,3, . . . . (24.2)
alpha (a) helix
For proteins, a feature of secondary structure that forms when a portion of the protein twists into a spiral.
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom of an element. (Section 2.3)
The study of the chemistry of living systems. (Chapter 24: Introduction)
bonding atomic radius
The radius of an atom as defined by the distances separating it from other atoms to which it is chemically bonded. (Section 7.3)
A binary compound of carbon with a metal or metalloid. (Section 22.9)
The number of adjacent atoms to which an atom is directly bonded. In a complex the coordination number of the metal ion is the number of donor atoms to which it is bonded. (Sections 12.37 and 24.2)
A solid that possesses rigid and long-range order; its atoms, molecules, or ions occupy specific positions. (11.4)
Theresulting net attraction between two dipoles.
A quantity defined by the relationship H = E + PV; the enthalpy change, ?H, for a reaction that occurs at constant pressure is the heat evolved or absorbed in the reaction: ?H = qp. (Section 5.3)
Enthalpy change, DH
The difference in total bond strengths and solvation between various points under comparison on a reaction coordinate diagram
A twostep process that achieves an anti-Markovnikov addition of a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) across an alkene.
The attractive interaction between a hydrogen atom bonded to an atom of high electronegativity (most commonly O or N) and a lone pair of electrons on another atom of high electronegativity (again, most commonly O or N).
Liquids that do not dissolve in one another to a significant extent. (Section 13.3)
l amino acid
Amino acids with Fischer projections that resemble the Fischer projections of l sugars.
The percent of a substance that undergoes ionization on dissolution in water. The term applies to solutions of weak acids and bases. (Section 16.6)
A C6H5 group.
R (Section 3.3)
From the Latin, rectus, straight, correct; used in the R,S convention to show that the order of priority of groups on a chiral center is clockwise.
The ability of groups, because of their size, to hinder access to a reaction site within a molecule.
A polymer that can be molded when it is fi rst prepared, but once cooled, hardens irreversibly and cannot be remelted.