Solutions for Chapter 5.7: Cycloalkenes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
aldol addition reaction
A reaction that occurs when an aldehyde or ketone is attacked by an enolate ion. The product of an aldol addition reaction is always a b-hydroxy aldehyde or ketone.
atomic mass unit (amu)
A unit based on the value of exactly 12 amu for the mass of the isotope of carbon that has six protons and six neutrons in the nucleus. (Sections 2.3 and 3.3)
In IR spectroscopy, a type of vibration that generally produces a signal in the fingerprint region of an IR spectrum.
An elementary step that involves two molecules. (13.5)
A chemical reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (Section 3.2)
A [3,3] sigmatropic rearrangement in which all six atoms of the cyclic transition state are carbon atoms.
All nonvalence electrons in an atom. (8.2)
The amount of fissionable material necessary to maintain a nuclear chain reaction. (Section 21.7)
A lone pair or charge that is participating in resonance.
The process of forming a diazonium salt by treating a primary amine with NaNO2 and HCl.
The negative charge carried by an electron; it has a magnitude of 1.602 * 10-19 C. (Section 2.3)
An atom or group of atoms that imparts characteristic chemical properties to an organic compound. (Section 24.1)
A substance that exhibits one or more partially ordered liquid phases above the melting point of the solid form. By contrast, in nonliquid crystalline substances the liquid phase that forms upon melting is completely unordered. (Section 11.7)
A polymer that isformed via anionic polymerization.
nuclear binding energy
The energy required to decompose an atomic nucleus into its component protons and neutrons. (Section 21.6)
A region of space that can hold two electrons
A macromolecule containing many amino acid units, each joined to the next by a peptide bond
quaternary ammonium salt
An ionic compound containing a positively charged nitrogen atom connected to four alkyl groups.
A conformation in which nearby groups in a Newman projection have a dihedral angle of 60°.
A double-helix model for the secondary structure of a DNA molecule
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