- 18.104.22.168: A sample of the chiral molecule limonene is 95% enantiopure. What p...
- 22.214.171.124: (a) Cholesterol isolated from natural sources is enantiopure. The o...
Solutions for Chapter 7.4: Optical Activity
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
absolute temperature scale.
A temperature scale that uses the absolute zero of temperature as the lowest temperature. (5.3)
A format for naming amines containing simple alkyl groups.
Hydrocarbons containing one or more carbon–carbon triple bonds. (Section 24.2)
An oxide that exhibits both acidic and basic properties. (8.6)
Refers to the arrangement of atoms about a stereocenter
A reaction that produces one enantiomer in preference to the other.
A process in which a carboxylic acid is converted into an ester when treated with an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst.
CFCs that were heavily used for a wide variety of commercial applications, including as refrigerants, as propellants, in the production of foam insulation, as fire-fighting materials, and many other useful applications.
The energy released when 1 g of a substance is combusted. (Section 5.8)
Gases in an atmosphere that absorb and emit infrared radiation (radiant heat), “trapping” heat in the atmosphere. (Section 18.2)
An OH group.
A homogeneous alloy with definite properties and a fixed composition. Intermetallic compounds are stoichiometric compounds that form between metallic elements. (Section 12.3)
The short-range attractive forces operating between the particles that make up the units of a liquid or solid substance. These same forces also cause gases to liquefy or solidify at low temperatures and high pressures. (Chapter 11: Introduction)
A compound that consists of molecules. (Section 2.6)
Triglycerides that are liquids at room temperature.
oxidizing agent, or oxidant
The substance that is reduced and thereby causes the oxidation of some other substance in an oxidation–reduction reaction. (Section 20.1)
One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.
A carbohydrate that reacts with an oxidizing agent to form an aldonic acid. In this reaction, the carbohydrate reduces the oxidizing agent.
A reaction in which a compound undergoes a decrease in oxidation state.
second law of thermodynamics
A statement of our experience that there is a direction to the way events occur in nature. When a process occurs spontaneously in one direction, it is nonspontaneous in the reverse direction. It is possible to state the second law in many different forms, but they all relate back to the same idea about spontaneity. One of the most common statements found in chemical contexts is that in any spontaneous process the entropy of the universe increases. (Section 19.2)
Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or email@example.com
Forgot password? Reset it here