Solutions for Chapter 7.4: Optical Activity

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 7.4: Optical Activity

Solutions for Chapter 7.4
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Organic Chemistry, was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Chapter 7.4: Optical Activity includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. Since 2 problems in chapter 7.4: Optical Activity have been answered, more than 10801 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • absolute temperature scale.

    A temperature scale that uses the absolute zero of temperature as the lowest temperature. (5.3)

  • alkyl amines

    A format for naming amines containing simple alkyl groups.

  • alkynes

    Hydrocarbons containing one or more carbon–carbon triple bonds. (Section 24.2)

  • amphoteric oxide.

    An oxide that exhibits both acidic and basic properties. (8.6)

  • Confi guration

    Refers to the arrangement of atoms about a stereocenter

  • Enantioselective reaction

    A reaction that produces one enantiomer in preference to the other.

  • Fischer esterification

    A process in which a carboxylic acid is converted into an ester when treated with an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst.

  • Freons

    CFCs that were heavily used for a wide variety of commercial applications, including as refrigerants, as propellants, in the production of foam insulation, as fire-fighting materials, and many other useful applications.

  • fuel value

    The energy released when 1 g of a substance is combusted. (Section 5.8)

  • greenhouse gases

    Gases in an atmosphere that absorb and emit infrared radiation (radiant heat), “trapping” heat in the atmosphere. (Section 18.2)

  • hydroxyl group

    An OH group.

  • intermetallic compound

    A homogeneous alloy with definite properties and a fixed composition. Intermetallic compounds are stoichiometric compounds that form between metallic elements. (Section 12.3)

  • intermolecular forces

    The short-range attractive forces operating between the particles that make up the units of a liquid or solid substance. These same forces also cause gases to liquefy or solidify at low temperatures and high pressures. (Chapter 11: Introduction)

  • molecular compound

    A compound that consists of molecules. (Section 2.6)

  • oils

    Triglycerides that are liquids at room temperature.

  • oxidizing agent, or oxidant

    The substance that is reduced and thereby causes the oxidation of some other substance in an oxidation–reduction reaction. (Section 20.1)

  • rearrangement

    One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.

  • Reducing sugar

    A carbohydrate that reacts with an oxidizing agent to form an aldonic acid. In this reaction, the carbohydrate reduces the oxidizing agent.

  • reduction

    A reaction in which a compound undergoes a decrease in oxidation state.

  • second law of thermodynamics

    A statement of our experience that there is a direction to the way events occur in nature. When a process occurs spontaneously in one direction, it is nonspontaneous in the reverse direction. It is possible to state the second law in many different forms, but they all relate back to the same idea about spontaneity. One of the most common statements found in chemical contexts is that in any spontaneous process the entropy of the universe increases. (Section 19.2)

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