- 126.96.36.199: Assign absolute configurations as R or S to each of the following c...
- 188.8.131.52: Draw three-dimensional representations of (a) The R enantiomer of (...
Solutions for Chapter 7.6: The CahnIngoldPrelog RS Notational System
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A substance that is able to donate a H+ ion (a proton) and, hence, increases the concentration of H+1aq2 when it dissolves in water. (Section 4.3)
A resonance-stabilized cation with the structure [RC"O]1 or [ArC"O]1. The positive charge is delocalized over both the carbonyl carbon and the carbonyl oxygen.
A compound that contains at least one amino group and at least one carboxyl group. (25.3)
atomic mass unit (amu)
A unit of measure equivalent to 1 g divided by Avogadro’s number.
The wave function (?) of an electron in an atom. (7.5)
An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure. (5.2)
A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself being consumed. (13.6)
A property of a solvent (vapor-pressure lowering, freezing-point lowering, boiling-point elevation, osmotic pressure) that depends on the total concentration of solute particles present. (Section 13.5)
A theory that accounts for the colors and the magnetic and other properties of transition-metal complexes in terms of the splitting of the energies of metal ion d orbitals by the electrostatic interaction with the ligands. (Section 23.6)
A unit of measure fordipole moments, where 1 debye = 10-18 esu×cm.
The region of an IR spectrum that contains signals that arise from double bonds, triple bonds, and X!H bonds.
A thermodynamic function associated with the number of different equivalent energy states or spatial arrangements in which a system may be found. It is a thermodynamic state function, which means that once we specify the conditions for a system—that is, the temperature, pressure, and so on—the entropy is defined. (Section 19.2)
High-density lipoprotein (HDL)
Plasma particles, density 1.06–1.21 g/mL, consisting of approximately 33% proteins, 30% cholesterol, 29% phospholipids, and 8% triglycerides.
For water, Kw is the product of the aquated hydrogen ion and hydroxide ion concentrations: 3H+43OH-4 = Kw = 1.0 * 10-14 at 25 °C. (Section 16.3)
When used in the context of fats and oils, a mixture of triglycerides that is liquid at room temperature
The amide linkage by which two amino acids are coupled together to form peptides.
A process in which heat converts a mineral in an ore from one chemical form to another and eventually to the free metal. (Section 23.2)
A measure of the salt content of seawater, brine, or brackish water. It is equal to the mass in grams of dissolved salts present in 1 kg of seawater. (Section 18.3)
Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with three p orbitals to form four hybridized atomic orbitals.
A reaction in which one stereoisomer is formed in preference to all others. A stereoselective reaction may be enantioselective or diastereoselective, as the case may be.