×
Log in to StudySoup

Forgot password? Reset password here

Solutions for Chapter 8.11: Nucleophilic Substitution of Alkyl Sulfonates

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 8.11: Nucleophilic Substitution of Alkyl Sulfonates

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 8.11: Nucleophilic Substitution of Alkyl Sulfonates includes 3 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 3 problems in chapter 8.11: Nucleophilic Substitution of Alkyl Sulfonates have been answered, more than 18338 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activated complex (transition state)

    The particular arrangement of atoms found at the top of the potential-energy barrier as a reaction proceeds from reactants to products. (Section 14.5)

  • acyl group

    The term describing a carbonyl group (CRO bond) connected to an alkyl group or aryl group.

  • alpha particles.

    See alpha rays.

  • Aufbau principle.

    As protons are added one by one to the nucleus to build up the elements, electrons similarly are added to the atomic orbitals. (7.9)

  • chemical shift (d)

    In an NMR spectrum, the location of a signal, defined relative to the frequency of absorption of a reference compound, tetramethylsilane (TMS).

  • Chlorofl uorocarbons (CFCs, Freons)

    Compounds with one or two carbons, chlorine, and fl uorine, formerly used as refrigerants

  • concentration of a solution.

    The amount of solute present in a given quantity of solvent or solution. (4.5)

  • displacement reaction

    A reaction in which an element reacts with a compound, displacing an element from it. (Section 4.4)

  • Elastomer

    A material that, when stretched or otherwise distorted, returns to its original shape when the distorting force is released.

  • Epoxide

    A cyclic ether in which oxygen is one atom of a three-membered ring

  • heat of sublimation

    The enthalpy change, ?H, for vaporization of a solid. (Section 11.4)

  • hexagonal close packing

    A crystal structure where the atoms are packed together as closely as possible. The close-packed layers adopt a two-layer repeating pattern, which leads to a primitive hexagonal unit cell. (Section 12.3)

  • hydrochlorofluorocarbons, (HCFCs)

    Compounds that are similar in structure to CFCs but also possess at least one C!Hbond.

  • Markovnikov addition

    In additionreactions, the observation that the hydrogen atomis generally placed at the vinylic position alreadybearing the larger number of hydrogen atoms.

  • metallurgy

    The science of extracting metals from their natural sources by a combination of chemical and physical processes. It is also concerned with the properties and structures of metals and alloys. (Section 23.1)

  • osmotic pressure

    The pressure that must be applied to a solution to stop osmosis from pure solvent into the solution. (Section 13.5)

  • pressure

    A measure of the force exerted on a unit area. In chemistry, pressure is often expressed in units of atmospheres (atm) or torr: 760 torr = 1 atm; in SI units pressure is expressed in pascals (Pa). (Section 10.2)

  • reaction rate

    A measure of the decrease in concentration of a reactant or the increase in concentration of a product with time. (Section 14.2)

  • sp-hybridized

    Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with only one p orbital to form two hybridized atomic orbitals.

  • thermodynamics

    The study of how energy is distributed under the influence of entropy. For chemists, the thermodynamics of a reaction specifically refers to the study of the relative energy levels of reactants and products.

×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Chemistry - Textbook Survival Guide

Forgot password? Reset password here

Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Chemistry - Textbook Survival Guide
Join with Email
Already have an account? Login here
Reset your password

I don't want to reset my password

Need an Account? Is not associated with an account
Sign up
We're here to help

Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or support@studysoup.com

Got it, thanks!
Password Reset Request Sent An email has been sent to the email address associated to your account. Follow the link in the email to reset your password. If you're having trouble finding our email please check your spam folder
Got it, thanks!
Already have an Account? Is already in use
Log in
Incorrect Password The password used to log in with this account is incorrect
Try Again

Forgot password? Reset it here