- 18.104.22.168: Write a chemical equation showing the preparation of octadecyl p-to...
- 22.214.171.124: Write equations showing the reaction of octadecyl p-toluenesulfonat...
- 126.96.36.199: The hydrolysis of sulfonates of 2-octanol is stereospecific and pro...
Solutions for Chapter 8.11: Nucleophilic Substitution of Alkyl Sulfonates
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A reaction that achieves the addition of water across a double bond in the presence of an acid catalyst.
Members of group 1A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)
A ligand in which two linked coordinating atoms are bound to a metal. (Section 23.3)
A property of a solvent (vapor-pressure lowering, freezing-point lowering, boiling-point elevation, osmotic pressure) that depends on the total concentration of solute particles present. (Section 13.5)
A symbol used to show the redistribution of valence electrons in resonance contributing structures or reactions, symbolizing movement of two electrons
The mass of a substance divided by its volume. (1.6)
electrospray ionization (ESI):
In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique in which the compound is first dissolved in a solvent and then sprayed via a high-voltage needle into a vacuum chamber. The tiny droplets of solution become charged by the needle, and subsequent evaporation forms gas-phase molecular ions that typically carry one or more charges.
A protein molecule that acts to catalyze specific biochemical reactions. (Section 14.7)
gas constant (R)
The constant of proportionality in the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.4)
Spin-spin coupling that occurs between nonequivalent H atoms bonded to the same C atom. The H atoms are generally nonequivalent owing to restricted bond rotation in the molecule
Compounds that are very similar in structure to triglycerides, with the main difference being that one of the three fatty acid residues is replaced by a phosphoester group.
A compound that absorbs light and transfers the energy to another molecule.
A solvent that contains at least one hydrogen atom connected directly to an electronegative atom.
A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)
A chemical entity with an unpaired electron.
Sharpless asymmetric epoxidation
A reaction that converts an alkene into an epoxide via a stereospecific pathway.
A substitution reaction in which the solvent functions as the nucleophile.
The energy required to pair an electron with another electron occupying an orbital. (Section 23.6)
For mechanisms, a step that involves three chemical entities.
Experimental conditions that permit the establishment of equilibrium between two or more products of a reaction. The composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative stabilities of the products.
Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or email@example.com
Forgot password? Reset it here