Solutions for Chapter 8.11: Nucleophilic Substitution of Alkyl Sulfonates

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 8.11: Nucleophilic Substitution of Alkyl Sulfonates

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 8.11: Nucleophilic Substitution of Alkyl Sulfonates includes 3 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 3 problems in chapter 8.11: Nucleophilic Substitution of Alkyl Sulfonates have been answered, more than 12684 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Organic Chemistry, was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acid-catalyzed hydration

    A reaction that achieves the addition of water across a double bond in the presence of an acid catalyst.

  • alkali metals

    Members of group 1A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)

  • bidentate ligand

    A ligand in which two linked coordinating atoms are bound to a metal. (Section 23.3)

  • colligative property

    A property of a solvent (vapor-pressure lowering, freezing-point lowering, boiling-point elevation, osmotic pressure) that depends on the total concentration of solute particles present. (Section 13.5)

  • Curved arrow

    A symbol used to show the redistribution of valence electrons in resonance contributing structures or reactions, symbolizing movement of two electrons

  • density.

    The mass of a substance divided by its volume. (1.6)

  • electrospray ionization (ESI):

    In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique in which the compound is first dissolved in a solvent and then sprayed via a high-voltage needle into a vacuum chamber. The tiny droplets of solution become charged by the needle, and subsequent evaporation forms gas-phase molecular ions that typically carry one or more charges.

  • enzyme

    A protein molecule that acts to catalyze specific biochemical reactions. (Section 14.7)

  • gas constant (R)

    The constant of proportionality in the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.4)

  • Geminal coupling

    Spin-spin coupling that occurs between nonequivalent H atoms bonded to the same C atom. The H atoms are generally nonequivalent owing to restricted bond rotation in the molecule

  • phosphoglycerides

    Compounds that are very similar in structure to triglycerides, with the main difference being that one of the three fatty acid residues is replaced by a phosphoester group.

  • Photosensitizer

    A compound that absorbs light and transfers the energy to another molecule.

  • protic solvent

    A solvent that contains at least one hydrogen atom connected directly to an electronegative atom.

  • racemic mixture

    A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)

  • radical

    A chemical entity with an unpaired electron.

  • Sharpless asymmetric epoxidation

    A reaction that converts an alkene into an epoxide via a stereospecific pathway.

  • solvolysis

    A substitution reaction in which the solvent functions as the nucleophile.

  • spin-pairing energy

    The energy required to pair an electron with another electron occupying an orbital. (Section 23.6)

  • termolecular

    For mechanisms, a step that involves three chemical entities.

  • Thermodynamic control

    Experimental conditions that permit the establishment of equilibrium between two or more products of a reaction. The composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative stabilities of the products.

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