Solutions for Chapter 11.20: Aromatic Ions

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 11.20: Aromatic Ions

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 6 problems in chapter 11.20: Aromatic Ions have been answered, more than 13406 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 11.20: Aromatic Ions includes 6 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry, was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • absolute zero.

    Theoretically the lowest attainable temperature. (5.3)

  • activation energy (Ea).

    The minimum amount of energy required to initiate a chemical reaction. (13.4)

  • beta particles

    Energetic electrons emitted from the nucleus, symbol 0-1e or b-. (Section 21.1)

  • Carboxyl group (Section 1.3D)

    A !COOH group.

  • cathode.

    The electrode at which reduction occurs. (18.2)

  • chemical equation.

    An equation that uses chemical symbols to show what happens during a chemical reaction. (3.7)

  • continuous-wave (CW) spectrometer

    An NMR spectrometer that holds the magnetic field constant and slowly sweeps through a range of rf frequencies, monitoring which frequencies are absorbed.

  • coupling (of protons)

    A phenomenon observed most commonly for nonequivalent protons connected to adjacent carbon atoms in which the multiplicity of each signal is affected by the other.

  • face-centered lattice

    A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located at the faces and corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)

  • formal charge

    The number of valence electrons in an isolated atom minus the number of electrons assigned to the atom in the Lewis structure. (Section 8.5)

  • Geminal coupling

    Spin-spin coupling that occurs between nonequivalent H atoms bonded to the same C atom. The H atoms are generally nonequivalent owing to restricted bond rotation in the molecule

  • hybridization

    The mixing of different types of atomic orbitals to produce a set of equivalent hybrid orbitals. (Section 9.5)

  • ionizing radiation

    Radiation that has sufficient energy to remove an electron from a molecule, thereby ionizing it. (Section 21.9)

  • metal complex

    An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases bonded to it. (Section 23.2)

  • methylene group

    A CH2 group.

  • metric system

    A system of measurement used in science and in most countries. The meter and the gram are examples of metric units. (Section 1.4)

  • Optical purity

    The specifi c rotation of a mixture of enantiomers divided by the specifi c rotation of the enantiomerically pure substance (expressed as a percent). Optical purity is numerically equal to enantiomeric excess, but experimentally determined.

  • organohalide

    An organic compound containing at least one halogen.

  • Phospholipid

    A lipid containing glycerol esterifi ed with two molecules of fatty acid and one molecule of phosphoric acid.

  • polarization

    For light, the orientation of the electric field.

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