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Solutions for Chapter 12.14: Substituent Effects in Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution: Halogens

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 12.14: Substituent Effects in Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution: Halogens

Solutions for Chapter 12.14
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Organic Chemistry, was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 12.14: Substituent Effects in Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution: Halogens includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 1 problems in chapter 12.14: Substituent Effects in Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution: Halogens have been answered, more than 7342 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Alkyl group

    A group derived by removing a hydrogen from an alkane; given the symbol R!

  • amalgam.

    An alloy of mercury with another metal or metals. (21.2)

  • Antibonding molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which electrons have a higher energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals

  • basic oxide (basic anhydride)

    An oxide that either reacts with water to form a base or reacts with an acid to form a salt and water. (Section 22.5)

  • Benzyl group (C6H5CH2!)

    The group derived from toluene by removing a hydrogen from its methyl group.

  • bimolecular reaction.

    An elementary step that involves two molecules. (13.5)

  • blocking group

    A group that can be readily installed and uninstalled. Used for regiochemical control during synthesis.

  • branched polymer

    A polymer that contains a large number of branches connected to the main chain of the polymer.

  • calcination

    The heating of an ore to bring about its decomposition and the elimination of a volatile product. For example, a carbonate ore might be calcined to drive off CO2. (Section 23.2)

  • Decarboxylation

    Loss of CO2 from a carboxyl group.

  • doublet

    In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of two peaks.

  • Endothermic reaction

    A reaction in which the enthalpy of the products is higher than the enthalpy of the reactants; a reaction in which heat is absorbed

  • HOMO

    The highest occupied molecular orbital.

  • Infrared (IR) spectroscopy

    A spectroscopic technique in which a compound is irradiated with infrared radiation, absorption of which causes covalent bonds to change from a lower vibration state to a higher one. Infrared spectroscopy is particularly valuable for determining the kinds of functional groups present in a molecule.

  • isotactic

    A polymer in which the repeating units contain chirality centers which all have the same configuration.

  • Nitrile

    A compound containing a !C#N (cyano) group bonded to a carbon atom.

  • optical isomerism

    A form of isomerism in which the two forms of a compound (stereoisomers) are nonsuperimposable mirror images. (Section 23.4)

  • physiological pH

    The pH of blood (approximately 7.3).

  • Raman spectroscopy

    A vibrational molecular spectroscopy that is complementary to infrared (IR) spectroscopy in that infrared inactive vibrations are seen in Raman spectroscopy.

  • Soap

    A sodium or potassium salt of a fatty acid

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