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Solutions for Chapter 12.20: The AdditionElimination Mechanism of Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 12.20: The AdditionElimination Mechanism of Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution

Solutions for Chapter 12.20
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Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. Chapter 12.20: The AdditionElimination Mechanism of Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 2 problems in chapter 12.20: The AdditionElimination Mechanism of Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution have been answered, more than 27655 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • active site

    Specific site on a heterogeneous catalyst or an enzyme where catalysis occurs. (Section 14.7)

  • Anomers

    Carbohydrates that differ in confi guration only at their anomeric carbons.

  • atomic mass unit (amu)

    A unit of measure equivalent to 1 g divided by Avogadro’s number.

  • beta particles.

    See beta rays.

  • Boyle’s law

    A law stating that at constant temperature, the product of the volume and pressure of a given amount of gas is a constant. (Section 10.3)

  • Brønsted-Lowry acid

    A compound that can serve as a proton donor.

  • corrosion

    The process by which a metal is oxidized by substances in its environment. (Section 20.8)

  • degree of unsaturation

    The absence of two hydrogen atoms associated with a ring or a p bond.

  • Disproportionation

    A termination process that involves the abstraction of a hydrogen atom from the beta position of the propagating radical of one chain by the radical endgroup of another chain.

  • ignal splitting in NMR

    Spin-spin coupling with adjacent nuclei split NMR signals depending on the extent of coupling and the number of adjacent equivalent nuclei.

  • Ka

    A measure of the strength of an acid: Ka = Keq 3H2O4 = 3H3O+ 4 3A- 4 3HA4

  • lone pair

    A pair of unshared, or nonbonding, electrons.

  • molecular hydrides

    Compounds formed when hydrogen reacts with nonmetals and metalloids. (Section 22.2)

  • Nitrile

    A compound containing a !C#N (cyano) group bonded to a carbon atom.

  • Nucleoside

    A building block of nucleic acids, consisting of d-ribose or 2-deoxy-d-ribose bonded to a heterocyclic aromatic amine base by a b-N-glycosidic bond

  • prosthetic group

    A nonprotein unit attached to a protein, such as heme in hemoglobin.

  • rotational motion

    Movement of a molecule as though it is spinning like a top. (Section 19.3)

  • S

    A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A counterclockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as S.

  • Sharpless asymmetric epoxidation

    A reaction that converts an alkene into an epoxide via a stereospecific pathway.

  • Williamson ether synthesis

    A method for preparing an ether from an alkoxide ion and an alkyl halide (via an SN2 process).

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