Solutions for Chapter 12.20: The AdditionElimination Mechanism of Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 12.20: The AdditionElimination Mechanism of Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution

Solutions for Chapter 12.20
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Organic Chemistry, was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. Chapter 12.20: The AdditionElimination Mechanism of Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 2 problems in chapter 12.20: The AdditionElimination Mechanism of Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution have been answered, more than 10956 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Aufbau principle.

    As protons are added one by one to the nucleus to build up the elements, electrons similarly are added to the atomic orbitals. (7.9)

  • boiling-point elevation (DTb).

    The boiling point of the solution (Tb) minus the boiling point of the pure solvent (T° b). (12.6)

  • bonding atomic radius

    The radius of an atom as defined by the distances separating it from other atoms to which it is chemically bonded. (Section 7.3)

  • buffer capacity

    The amount of acid or base a buffer can neutralize before the pH begins to change appreciably. (Section 17.2)

  • condensation polymerization

    Polymerization in which molecules are joined together through condensation reactions. (Section 12.8)

  • coordination compound

    A compound containing a metal ion bonded to a group of surrounding molecules or ions that act as ligands. (Section 23.2)

  • denatured protein.

    Protein that does not exhibit normal biological activities. (25.3)

  • deshielded

    In NMR spectroscopy,protons or carbon atoms whose surrounding electron density is poor.

  • Edman degradatio

    A method for selectively cleaving and identifying the N-terminal amino acid of a polypeptide chain.

  • kinetic control

    A reaction for which the product distribution is determined by the relative rates at which the products are formed.

  • mass spectrum

    In mass spectrometry,a plot that shows the relative abundance ofeach cation that was detected.

  • Meisenheimer complex

    Theresonance-stabilized intermediate of a nucleophilicaromatic substitution reaction.

  • Polarimeter

    An instrument for measuring the ability of a compound to rotate the plane of plane-polarized light.

  • proton transfer

    One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.

  • R

    A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A clockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as R.

  • Regioselective reaction

    An addition or substitution reaction in which one of two or more possible products is formed in preference to all others that might be formed.

  • Resolution

    Separation of a racemic mixture into its enantiomers; in mass spectrometry, a measure of how well a mass spectrometer separates ions of different mass.

  • sulfonate ions

    Common leaving groups. Examples include tosylate, mesylate, and triflate ions.

  • Tautomers

    Constitutional isomers in equilibrium with each other that differ in the location of a hydrogen atom and a double bond relative to a heteroatom, most commonly O, N, or S.

  • zwitterion

    A net neutral compound that exhibits charge separation. Amino acids exist as zwitterions at physiological pH.

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