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Solutions for Chapter 12.20: The AdditionElimination Mechanism of Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 12.20: The AdditionElimination Mechanism of Nucleophilic Aromatic SubstitutionGet Full Solutions
Specific site on a heterogeneous catalyst or an enzyme where catalysis occurs. (Section 14.7)
Carbohydrates that differ in confi guration only at their anomeric carbons.
atomic mass unit (amu)
A unit of measure equivalent to 1 g divided by Avogadro’s number.
See beta rays.
A law stating that at constant temperature, the product of the volume and pressure of a given amount of gas is a constant. (Section 10.3)
A compound that can serve as a proton donor.
The process by which a metal is oxidized by substances in its environment. (Section 20.8)
degree of unsaturation
The absence of two hydrogen atoms associated with a ring or a p bond.
A termination process that involves the abstraction of a hydrogen atom from the beta position of the propagating radical of one chain by the radical endgroup of another chain.
ignal splitting in NMR
Spin-spin coupling with adjacent nuclei split NMR signals depending on the extent of coupling and the number of adjacent equivalent nuclei.
A measure of the strength of an acid: Ka = Keq 3H2O4 = 3H3O+ 4 3A- 4 3HA4
A pair of unshared, or nonbonding, electrons.
Compounds formed when hydrogen reacts with nonmetals and metalloids. (Section 22.2)
A compound containing a !C#N (cyano) group bonded to a carbon atom.
A building block of nucleic acids, consisting of d-ribose or 2-deoxy-d-ribose bonded to a heterocyclic aromatic amine base by a b-N-glycosidic bond
A nonprotein unit attached to a protein, such as heme in hemoglobin.
Movement of a molecule as though it is spinning like a top. (Section 19.3)
A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A counterclockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as S.
Sharpless asymmetric epoxidation
A reaction that converts an alkene into an epoxide via a stereospecific pathway.
Williamson ether synthesis
A method for preparing an ether from an alkoxide ion and an alkyl halide (via an SN2 process).