Solutions for Chapter 15.11: Oxidative Cleavage of Vicinal Diols
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A group derived by removing a hydrogen from an alkane; given the symbol R!
A reaction in which a molecule, such as HCl, HBr, HI, or HOH, is split out or eliminated from adjacent carbons
A self-contained electrochemical power source that contains one or more voltaic cells. (Section 20.7)
Carboxyl group (Section 1.3D)
A !COOH group.
In UV-Vis spectroscopy, the region of the molecule responsible for the absorption (the conjugated p system).
A substance composed of two or more elements united chemically in definite proportions. (Section 1.2)
In an acid-base reaction, the product that results when an acid is deprotonated.
A pericyclic process in which a conjugated polyene undergoes cyclization. In the process, one p bond is converted into a s bond, while the remaining p bonds all change their location. The newly formed s bond joins the ends of the original p system,thereby creating a ring.
electromotive force (emf)
A measure of the driving force, or electrical pressure, for the completion of an electrochemical reaction. Electromotive force is measured in volts: 1 V = 1 J>C. Also called the cell potential. (Section 20.4)
A chemical formula that shows the kinds of atoms and their relative numbers in a substance in the smallest possible whole-number ratios. (Section 2.6)
The polarization of the electron density of a covalent bond caused by the electronegativity of a nearby atom.
The attractive forces between molecules.
A compound in which the carbonyl group 1C “O2 occurs at the interior of a carbon chain and is therefore flanked by carbon atoms. (Section 24.4)
The energy required to separate completely the ions in an ionic solid. (Section 8.2)
Low-resolution mass spectrometry
Instrumentation that is capable of separating only ions that differ in mass by 1 or more amu.
A rule stating that the molecular ion of a compound with an odd number of nitrogen atoms has an odd m/z ratio; if zero or an even number of nitrogen atoms, the molecular ion has an even m/z ratio
nucleophilic acyl substitution
A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a carboxylic acid derivative.
Addition of a reagent to a metal center causing it to add two substituents and to increase its oxidation state by two
Pauli exclusion principle
The rule that states that an atomic orbital or molecular orbital can accommodate a maximum of two electrons with opposite spin.
The ability of an atom or molecule to distribute its electron density unevenly in response to external influences.
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