- 16.16.21: Write the structures of all the constitutionally isomeric ethers of...
- 16.16.22: Many ethers, including diethyl ether, are effective as general anes...
- 16.16.23: Although epoxides are always considered to have their oxygen atom a...
- 16.16.24: Outline the steps in the preparation of each of the constitutionall...
- 16.16.25: Predict the principal organic product of each of the following reac...
- 16.16.26: When (R)-(+)-2-phenyl-2-butanol is allowed to stand in methanol con...
- 16.16.27: Select reaction conditions that would allow you to carry out each o...
- 16.16.28: When bromine is added to a solution of 1-hexene in methanol, the ma...
- 16.16.29: Suggest short, efficient reaction sequences suitable for preparing ...
- 16.16.30: Propranolol is a drug prescribed to treat cardiac arrhythmia and an...
- 16.16.31: The growth of new blood vessels, angiogenesis, is crucial to wound ...
- 16.16.32: Write a mechanism for the following reaction.
- 16.16.33: The following reaction has been reported in the chemical literature...
- 16.16.34: Deduce the identity of the missing compounds in the following react...
- 16.16.35: Cineole is the chief component of eucalyptus oil; it has the molecu...
- 16.16.36: The p-toluenesulfonate shown undergoes an intramolecular Williamson...
- 16.16.37: Given that: O OH 1. LiAlH4 2. H2O does the product of the analogous...
- 16.16.38: The name of the parent six-membered sulfur-containing heterocycle i...
- 16.16.39: Oxidation of 4-tert-butylthiane (see 16.38 for the structure of thi...
- 16.16.40: This problem is adapted from an experiment designed for undergradua...
- 16.16.41: A different product is formed in each of the following reactions. I...
- 16.16.42: The 1 H NMR spectrum of compound A (C8H8O) consists of two singlets...
- 16.16.43: The 1 H NMR spectrum of a compound (C10H13BrO) is shown in Figure 1...
- 16.16.45: Epoxides X and Y give the same aldehyde (C14H12O) on BF3-catalyzed ...
- 16.16.46: Lithium aluminum hydride reduction of 1,2-epoxy-2-methylpropane giv...
- 16.16.47: The epoxide derived from benzene, 1,2-epoxycyclohexa-3,5-diene, exi...
- 16.16.48: Biological oxidation of naphthalene gives a trans vicinal diol by w...
- 16.16.49: Acetanilide, which has pain-relieving properties, undergoes a bioch...
- 16.16.50: The hormones serotonin and melatonin are biosynthesized from trypto...
Solutions for Chapter 16: Ethers, Epoxides, and Sulfides
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
An object that lacks chirality; an object that has no handedness
activated complex (transition state)
The particular arrangement of atoms found at the top of the potential-energy barrier as a reaction proceeds from reactants to products. (Section 14.5)
The addition of H2 across only one face of a p bond.
A unit of pressure equal to 760 torr; 1 atm = 101.325 kPa. (Section 10.2) atom The smallest representative particle of an element. (Sections 1.1 and 2.1)
A rule that determines the order in which orbitals are filled by electrons. Specifically, the lowest energy orbital is filled first.
The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the external atmospheric pressure. (11.8)
The enthalpy change, ?H, required to break a particular bond when the substance is in the gas phase. (Section 8.8)
An apparatus that measures the heat released or absorbed in a chemical or physical process. (Section 5.5)
Processes in which one or more substances are converted into other substances; also called chemical reactions. (Section 1.3)
A measure of a solvent’s ability to insulate opposite charges from one another
The spreading of one substance through a space occupied by one or more other substances. (Section 10.8)
A steroid hormone, such as estrone and estradiol, that mediates the development of sexual characteristics in females.
Chemistry that promotes the design and application of chemical products and processes that are compatible with human health and that preserve the environment. (Section 18.5)
A polymer in which the repeating units contain chirality centers which all have the same configuration.
A monosaccharide that, when written as a Fischer projection, has the !OH on its penultimate carbon to the left.
Le Châtelier’s principle
A principle stating that when we disturb a system at chemical equilibrium, the relative concentrations of reactants and
An analytical technique for measuring the mass-to-charge ratio (m/z) of ions.
A rule stating that the molecular ion of a compound with an odd number of nitrogen atoms has an odd m/z ratio; if zero or an even number of nitrogen atoms, the molecular ion has an even m/z ratio
On an aromatic ring, the C2 position.
Pauli exclusion principle
A rule stating that no two electrons in an atom may have the same four quantum numbers (n, l, ml, and ms). As a reflection of this principle, there can be no more than two electrons in any one atomic orbital. (Section 6.7)
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