Solutions for Chapter 19.4: Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution in Acyl Chlorides

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 19.4: Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution in Acyl Chlorides

Solutions for Chapter 19.4
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Chapter 19.4: Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution in Acyl Chlorides includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 1 problems in chapter 19.4: Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution in Acyl Chlorides have been answered, more than 10452 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Organic Chemistry, was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Alditol

    The product formed when the C"O group of a monosaccharide is reduced to a CHOH group.

  • axial position

    For chair conformations of substituted cyclohexanes, a position that is parallel to a vertical axis passing through the center of the ring.

  • bonding MO

    A low-energy molecular orbital resulting from the constructive interference between atomic orbitals.

  • catalyst

    A substance that changes the speed of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing a permanent chemical change in the process. (Section 14.7)

  • compound semiconductor

    A semiconducting material formed from two or more elements. (Section 12.7)

  • conjugated

    A compound in which two p bonds are separated from each other by exactly one s bond.

  • doping

    Incorporation of a hetero atom into a solid to change its electrical properties. For example, incorporation of P into Si. (Section 12.7)

  • formal charge

    The number of valence electrons in an isolated atom minus the number of electrons assigned to the atom in the Lewis structure. (Section 8.5)

  • frequency

    The number of times per second that one complete wavelength passes a given point. (Section 6.1)

  • Le Châtelier’s principle

    A principle stating that when we disturb a system at chemical equilibrium, the relative concentrations of reactants and

  • liquid crystal

    A substance that exhibits one or more partially ordered liquid phases above the melting point of the solid form. By contrast, in nonliquid crystalline substances the liquid phase that forms upon melting is completely unordered. (Section 11.7)

  • polypeptide

    A polymer of amino acids that has a molecular weight of less than 10,000. (Section 24.7)

  • racemic mixture

    A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)

  • Robinson annulation

    The combination of a Michael addition followed by an aldol condensation to form a ring.

  • S

    A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A counterclockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as S.

  • S (Section 3.3

    From the Latin, sinister, left; used in the R,S convention to show that the order of priority of groups on a chiral center is counterclockwise

  • spin-spin splitting

    A phenomenon observed most commonly for nonequivalent protons connected to adjacent carbon atoms, in which the multiplicity of each signal is affected by the other.

  • syn-coplanar

    A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of exactly 0°.

  • tetrahedral intermediate

    An intermediate with tetrahedral geometry. This type of intermediate is formed when a nucleophile attacks the carbonyl group of a carboxylic acid derivative.

  • Wittig reagent

    A reagent used to perform a Wittig reaction.

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