Solutions for Chapter 19.4: Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution in Acyl Chlorides
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
An organic compound that contains a carbonyl group 1C “O2 to which at least one hydrogen atom is attached. (Section 24.4)
alkaline earth metals
Members of group 2A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)
Hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon double bonds. They have the general formula CnH2n, where n 5 2,3, . . . . (24.2)
Any reaction in which a new carbon-carbon bond to an alkyl group is formed.
The vertical distance from the middle of a wave to the peak or trough. (7.1)
A reaction in which a substance reacts with oxygen, usually with the release of heat and light, to produce a flame. (4.4)
The ability to do work.
A barbed curved arrow used to show the change in position of a single electron.
An alloy in which the components are not distributed uniformly; instead, two or more distinct phases with characteristic compositions are present. (Section 12.3)
A Lewis base bonded to a metal atom in a coordination compound. It may bond strongly or weakly.
Structural isomers of coordination compounds in which a ligand differs in its mode of attachment to a metal ion. (Section 23.4)
A drawing style that is designed to show the conformation of a molecule.
Pauli exclusion principle
No more than two electrons may be present in an orbital. If two electrons are present, their spins must be paired
The ratio of the actual (experimental) yield of a product to its theoretical (calculated) yield, multiplied by 100. (Section 3.7)
A detailed picture, or model, of how the reaction occurs; that is, the order in which bonds are broken and formed and the changes in relative positions of the atoms as the reaction proceeds. (Section 14.6)
A term used to indicate that exactly two alkyl groups are attached directly to a particular position. For example, a secondary carbocation has two alkyl groups attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).
A conformation in which nearby groups in a Newman projection have a dihedral angle of 60°.
The study of three-dimensional arrangements of atoms in molecules
Highly crosslinked polymers that are generally very hard and insoluble.
For alkenes, a stereodescriptor that indicates that the two priority groups are on the same side of the p bond.
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