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Solutions for Chapter 19.4: Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution in Acyl Chlorides

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 19.4: Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution in Acyl Chlorides

Solutions for Chapter 19.4
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Chapter 19.4: Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution in Acyl Chlorides includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 1 problems in chapter 19.4: Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution in Acyl Chlorides have been answered, more than 25694 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Absorbance (A)

    A quantitative measure of the extent to which a compound absorbs radiation of a particular wavelength. A 5 log (I0/I ) where I0 is the incident radiation and I is the transmitted radiation

  • absorption spectrum

    In IR spectroscopy as well as UV-VIS spectroscopy, a plot that measures the percent transmittance or absorption as a function of frequency.

  • acid rain

    Rainwater that has become excessively acidic because of absorption of pollutant oxides, notably SO3, produced by human activities. (Section 18.2)

  • alpha (a) amino acid

    A compound containing a carboxylic acid group (COOH) as well as an amino group (NH2), both of which are attached to the same carbon atom.

  • dextrorotatory, or merely dextro or d

    A term used to label a chiral molecule that rotates the plane of polarization of plane-polarized light to the right (clockwise). (Section 23.4)

  • dimensional analysis

    A method of problem solving in which units are carried through all calculations. Dimensional analysis ensures that the final answer of a calculation has the desired units. (Section 1.6)

  • electron impact ionization (EI)

    In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique that involves bombarding a compoundwith high-energy electrons.

  • ester

    An organic compound that has an OR group attached to a carbonyl; it is the product of a reaction between a carboxylic acid and an alcohol. (Section 24.4)

  • fingerprint region

    The region of an IR spectrum that contains signals resulting from the vibrational excitation of most single bonds (stretching and bending).

  • Fischer projection

    A twodimensional representation of a molecule; in these projections, groups on the right and left are by convention in front, while those at the top and bottom are to the rear.

  • hydroperoxide

    A compound with the structure R!O!O!H.

  • instantaneous rate

    The reaction rate at a particular time as opposed to the average rate over an interval of time. (Section 14.2)

  • matter

    Anything that occupies space and has mass; the physical material of the universe. (Section 1.1)

  • mixture

    A combination of two or more substances in which each substance retains its own chemical identity. (Section 1.2)

  • oxidation

    A reaction in which one compound undergoes an increase in oxidation state.

  • oxyacid

    A compound in which one or more OH groups, and possibly additional oxygen atoms, are bonded to a central atom. (Section 16.10)

  • pure substance

    Matter that has a fixed composition and distinct properties. (Section 1.2)

  • Retrosynthesis

    A process of reasoning backwards from a target molecule to a suitable set of starting materials.

  • specific heat 1Cs2

    The heat capacity of 1 g of a substance; the heat required to raise the temperature of 1 g of a substance by 1 °C. (Section 5.5)

  • Vinyl group

    A carbocation in which the positive charge is on one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.

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