- 126.96.36.199: On the basis of the general mechanism for amide hydrolysis in acidi...
- 188.8.131.52: On the basis of the general mechanism for basic hydrolysis shown in...
Solutions for Chapter 19.13: Hydrolysis of Amides
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A region of a polymer in which nearby chains are not linearly extended and are not parallel to one another.
A structural form of protein in which two strands of amino acids are hydrogen-bonded together in a zipperlike configuration. (Section 24.7)
The difference between the numbers of electrons in bonding molecular orbitals and antibonding molecular orbitals, divided by two. (10.7)
The volume of a fixed amount of gas maintained at constant pressure is directly proportional to the absolute temperature of the gas. (5.3)
A process during which a protein unfolds under conditions of mild heating.
A bimolecular eliminationreaction.eclipsed conformation (Sect. 4.7): A conformationin which groups are eclipsing each other in aNewman projection.
A measure of the ability of an atom that is bonded to another atom to attract electrons to itself. (Section 8.4)
A term that refers to the rate of a reaction.
A compound with the structure R2N!NRO.
Members of group 8A in the periodic table. (Section 7.8)
nuclear binding energy
The energy required to decompose an atomic nucleus into its component protons and neutrons. (Section 21.6)
The product formed when either d-ribose or 2-deoxy-d-ribose is coupled with certain nitrogen heterocycles (called bases).
A polymer that can be molded when hot and retains its shape when cooled
A polymer containing the !NHCO2! group as a repeating unit
A six-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.
Having specifi c values for energy and momentum
second law of thermodynamics
A statement of our experience that there is a direction to the way events occur in nature. When a process occurs spontaneously in one direction, it is nonspontaneous in the reverse direction. It is possible to state the second law in many different forms, but they all relate back to the same idea about spontaneity. One of the most common statements found in chemical contexts is that in any spontaneous process the entropy of the universe increases. (Section 19.2)
Secondary structure of nucleic acids
The ordered arrangement of nucleic acid strands
An atom, most commonly carbon, about which exchange of two groups produces a stereoisomer. Chiral centers are one type of stereocenter
Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using hydrazine and a base. Ylide (Section 16.6)
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