Solutions for Chapter 21.8: The Gabriel Synthesis of Primary Alkylamines
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
Hydrocarbons containing one or more carbon–carbon double bonds. (Section 24.2)
An !OR group where R is an alkyl group
A class of colored compounds that are formed via azo coupling.
basic oxide (basic anhydride)
An oxide that either reacts with water to form a base or reacts with an acid to form a salt and water. (Section 22.5)
The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (13.1)
Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using Zn(Hg) and HCl
The breakdown of a compound into two or more components. (4.4)
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
A polynucleotide in which the sugar component is deoxyribose. (Section 24.10)
A carbohydrate containing two monosaccharide units joined by a glycosidic bond.
The expression that describes the relationship among the concentrations (or partial pressures) of the substances present in a system at equilibrium. The numerator is obtained by multiplying the concentrations of the substances on the product side of the equation, each raised to a power equal to its coefficient in the chemical equation. The denominator similarly contains the concentrations of the substances on the reactant side of the equation. (Section 15.2)
Proteins that consist of linear chains that are bundled together.
A reaction in which the reaction rate is proportional to the concentration of a single reactant, raised to the first power. (Section 14.4)
The splitting of a large nucleus into two smaller ones. (Section 21.6)
The number of times per second that one complete wavelength passes a given point. (Section 6.1)
A vacancy in the valence band of a semiconductor, created by doping. (Section 12.7)
A type of carbocation rearrangement that involves the migration of a hydride ion (H-).
S (Section 3.3
From the Latin, sinister, left; used in the R,S convention to show that the order of priority of groups on a chiral center is counterclockwise
second law of thermodynamics
A statement of our experience that there is a direction to the way events occur in nature. When a process occurs spontaneously in one direction, it is nonspontaneous in the reverse direction. It is possible to state the second law in many different forms, but they all relate back to the same idea about spontaneity. One of the most common statements found in chemical contexts is that in any spontaneous process the entropy of the universe increases. (Section 19.2)
The clustering of solvent molecules around a solute particle. (Section 13.1)
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of exactly 0°.
Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Forgot password? Reset it here