Solutions for Chapter 23.12: Amino Sugars
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
Polymers that are formed via cationic addition, anionic addition, or free-radical addition.
Hydrocarbons having the general formula CnH2n12, where n 5 1,2, . . . . (24.2)
A negatively charged ion. (Section 2.7)
Air oxidation of materials such as unsaturated fatty acids.
Difference in electrical potential between the anode and the cathode of a galvanic cell. (18.2)
Properties that describe a substance’s composition and its reactivity; how the substance reacts or changes into other substances. (Section 1.3)
Chlorofl uorocarbons (CFCs, Freons)
Compounds with one or two carbons, chlorine, and fl uorine, formerly used as refrigerants
coupling (of protons)
A phenomenon observed most commonly for nonequivalent protons connected to adjacent carbon atoms in which the multiplicity of each signal is affected by the other.
In electrocyclicreactions, a type of rotation in which the orbitalsbeing used to form the new s bond must rotate in opposite directions (one rotates clockwise while the other rotates counterclockwise).
A device in which a nonspontaneous oxidation–reduction reaction is caused to occur by passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. (Section 20.9)
Energy added or released when an electron is added to an atom or molecule.
A process in a chemical reaction that occurs in a single step. An overall chemical reaction consists of one or more elementary reactions or steps. (Section 14.6)
A catalyst that is in the same phase as the reactant substances. (Section 14.7)
A type of carbocation rearrangement that involves the migration of a hydride ion (H-).
A compound containing two carbon-carbon p bonds that are separated by two or more s bonds.
Different compounds with the same molecular formula.
Numbers of protons and neutrons that result in very stable nuclei. (Section 21.2)
A mathematical description of an electron that incorporates its wavelike properties.
The geometry of an atom with four bonds separated from each other by 109.5°.
Cleavage by heating
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