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Solutions for Chapter 26.10: Phosphodiesters, Oligonucleotides, and Polynucleotides

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 26.10: Phosphodiesters, Oligonucleotides, and Polynucleotides

Solutions for Chapter 26.10
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This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Chapter 26.10: Phosphodiesters, Oligonucleotides, and Polynucleotides includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. Since 1 problems in chapter 26.10: Phosphodiesters, Oligonucleotides, and Polynucleotides have been answered, more than 34259 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Aldehyde

    A compound containing a !CHO group

  • Aromatic compound

    A term used initially to classify benzene and its derivatives. More accurately, it is used to classify any compound that meets the Hückel criteria for aromaticity (Section 21.2A).

  • atomic radius.

    One-half the distance between the two nuclei in two adjacent atoms of the same element in a metal. For elements that exist as diatomic units, the atomic radius is one-half the distance between the nuclei of the two atoms in a particular molecule. (8.3)

  • Bimolecular reaction

    A reaction in which two species are involved in the rate-determining step.

  • cathode rays

    Streams of electrons that are produced when a high voltage is applied to electrodes in an evacuated tube. (Section 2.2)

  • Electromagnetic radiation

    Light and other forms of radiant energy.

  • Enantiotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.

  • Haber process

    The catalyst system and conditions of temperature and pressure developed by Fritz Haber and coworkers for the formation of NH3 from H2 and N2. (Section 15.2)

  • haloform reaction

    A reaction in which a methyl ketone is converted into a carboxylic acid upon treatment with excess base and excess halogen, followed by aqueous acid.

  • Heat of combustion (DH0 )

    Standard heat of combustion is the heat released when one mole of a substance in its standard state (gas, liquid, solid) is oxidized completely to carbon dioxide and water.

  • Imide

    A functional group in which two acyl groups, RCO! or ArCO!, are bonded to a nitrogen atom

  • Lewis structures

    A drawing style inwhich the electrons take center stage.linear polymer (Sect. 27.6): A polymer thathas only a minimal amount of branching or nobranching at all.

  • Mass spectrum

    A plot of the relative abundance of ions versus their mass-to-charge ratio

  • nanomaterial

    A solid whose dimensions range from 1 to 100 nm and whose properties differ from those of a bulk material with the same composition. (Section 12.1)

  • R (Section 3.3)

    From the Latin, rectus, straight, correct; used in the R,S convention to show that the order of priority of groups on a chiral center is clockwise.

  • Racemic mixture

    A mixture of equal amounts of two enantiomers.

  • radical inhibitor

    A compound that prevents a radical chain process from either getting started or continuing.

  • Steric strain

    The strain that arises when nonbonded atoms separated by four or more bonds are forced closer to each other than their atomic (contact) radii would allow. Steric strain is also called non-bonded interaction strain, or van der Waals strain.

  • Strecker synthesis

    A synthetictechnique for preparing racemic a-amino acidsfrom aldehydes.

  • torsional angle

    The angle between two groups in a Newman projection, also called the dihedral angle.

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