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Solutions for Chapter 22: Organic Chemistry 8th Edition

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780321768414

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr

Solutions for Chapter 22

Solutions for Chapter 22
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: L.G. Wade Jr
ISBN: 9780321768414

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 22 includes 79 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321768414. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 8. Since 79 problems in chapter 22 have been answered, more than 441862 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acid

    A substance that is able to donate a H+ ion (a proton) and, hence, increases the concentration of H+1aq2 when it dissolves in water. (Section 4.3)

  • Aldehyde

    A compound containing a !CHO group

  • alkynes

    Hydrocarbons containing one or more carbon–carbon triple bonds. (Section 24.2)

  • Anti stereoselectivity

    The addition of atoms or groups of atoms to opposite faces of a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • arenium ion

    The positively charged, resonance-stabilized, intermediate of anelectrophilic aromatic substitution reaction. Also called a sigma complex.

  • benzylic position

    A carbon atom that is immediately adjacent to a benzene ring.

  • concentration of a solution.

    The amount of solute present in a given quantity of solvent or solution. (4.5)

  • Conformation

    Any three-dimensional arrangement of atoms in a molecule that results from rotation about a single bond.

  • electron impact ionization (EI)

    In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique that involves bombarding a compoundwith high-energy electrons.

  • elimination-addition

    A reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.

  • Fourier-transform NMR (FT-NMR)

    In nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, a technique in which the sample is irradiated with a short pulse that covers the entire range of relevant rf frequencies.

  • Gabriel synthesis

    A method forpreparing primary amines that avoids formation of secondary and tertiary amines.

  • hexagonal close packing

    A crystal structure where the atoms are packed together as closely as possible. The close-packed layers adopt a two-layer repeating pattern, which leads to a primitive hexagonal unit cell. (Section 12.3)

  • lipid bilayer

    The main fabricof cell membranes, assembled primarily fromphosphoglycerides.

  • Molecular ion (M1)

    The radical cation formed by removal of a single electron from a parent molecule in a mass spectrometer.

  • nucleotide

    Compounds formed from a molecule of phosphoric acid, a sugar molecule, and an organic nitrogen base. Nucleotides form linear polymers called DNA and RNA, which are involved in protein synthesis and cell reproduction. (Section 24.10)

  • Primary structure of nucleic acids

    The sequence of bases along the pentose-phosphodiester backbone of a DNA or RNA molecule read from the 5’ end to the 3’ end

  • specific rotation

    For a chiral compound that is subjected to plane-polarized light, the observed rotation when a standard concentration (1 g/mL) and a standard path length (1 dm) are used.

  • Thiol

    A compound containing an !SH (sulfhydryl) group bonded to an sp3 -hybridized carbon.

  • Valence-shell electron-pair repulsion (VSEPR)

    A method for predicting bond angles based on the idea that electron pairs repel each other and keep as far apart as possible.