- Chapter 1:
- Chapter 10:
- Chapter 11:
- Chapter 12:
- Chapter 13:
- Chapter 14:
- Chapter 15:
- Chapter 16:
- Chapter 17:
- Chapter 18:
- Chapter 19:
- Chapter 2:
- Chapter 20:
- Chapter 21:
- Chapter 22:
- Chapter 23:
- Chapter 24:
- Chapter 3:
- Chapter 4:
- Chapter 5:
- Chapter 6:
- Chapter 7:
- Chapter 8:
- Chapter 9:
General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life 4th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life | 4th Edition
General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life | 4th Edition - Solutions by ChapterGet Full Solutions
A group derived by removing a hydrogen from an alkane; given the symbol R!
The C1 position of the cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose or the C2 position of the cyclic hemiacetal of a ketose.
Polymers that can be broken down by enzymes produced by soil microorganisms.
A substance that changes the speed of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing a permanent chemical change in the process. (Section 14.7)
Solids in which the units that make up the three-dimensional network are joined by covalent bonds. (Section 12.1)
Energy added or released when an electron is added to an atom or molecule.
A nonsuperimposable mirror image.
Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.
A state of a system at higher energy than the ground state.
Strands of a polymer that are generated when the polymer is heated, forced through small holes, and then cooled.
Protons that are interchangeable by rotational symmetry.
Solvation when the solvent is water. (Section 13.1)
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy
A spectroscopic technique that gives information about the number and types of atoms in a molecule, for example, hydrogens (1 H!NMR) and carbons (13C!NMR)
A cyclic ether containing a three-membered ring system. Also called an epoxide.
A reaction that occurs between substances in solution in which one of the products is insoluble. (Section 4.2)
A compound with a weak bond that undergoes homolytic bond cleavage with great ease, producing radicals that can initiate a radical chain process.
Secondary (2°) amine
An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to two carbons and one hydrogen
A synthetictechnique for preparing racemic a-amino acidsfrom aldehydes.
An element, such as carbon, that forms four bonds.
Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion theory, which can be used to predict the geometry around an atom.