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Solutions for Chapter Chapter 8: Quantities in Chemical Reactions

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780321687937

Solutions for Chapter Chapter 8: Quantities in Chemical Reactions

Solutions for Chapter Chapter 8
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 4
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321687937

Since 102 problems in chapter Chapter 8: Quantities in Chemical Reactions have been answered, more than 21508 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 4. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter Chapter 8: Quantities in Chemical Reactions includes 102 full step-by-step solutions. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321687937.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkoxy substituent

    An OR group.

  • chelate effect

    The generally larger formation constants for polydentate ligands as compared with the corresponding monodentate ligands. (Section 23.3)

  • Condensation polymerization

    A polymerization in which chain growth occurs in a stepwise manner between difunctional monomers. Also called step-growth polymerization.

  • Conjugation

    A situation in which two multiple bonds are separated by a single bond. Alternatively, a series of overlapping 2p orbitals. 1,3-butadiene, for example, is a conjugated diene, and 3-butene-2-one is a conjugated enone

  • excited state

    A state that is achieved when a compound absorbs energy.

  • free induction decay

    In NMR spectroscopy, a complex signal which is a combination of all of the electrical impulses generated by each type of proton.

  • Hell-Volhard-Zelinsky reaction

    A reaction in which a carboxylic acid undergoes a-halogenation when treated with bromine in the presence of PBr3.

  • Ketone

    A compound containing a carbonyl group bonded to two carbons.

  • London dispersion forces

    Attractive forces between transient dipole moments, observed in alkanes.

  • molecular-orbital theory

    A theory that accounts for the allowed states for electrons in molecules.(Section 9.7)

  • nonbonding pair

    In a Lewis structure a pair of electrons assigned completely to one atom; also called a lone pair. (Section 9.2)

  • overall reaction order

    The sum of the reaction orders of all the reactants appearing in the rate expression when the rate can be expressed as rate = k3A4a 3B4b... . (Section 14.3)

  • parent ion

    In mass spectrometry,the ion that is generated when the compound is ionized.

  • polymer

    A large molecule of high molecular mass, formed by the joining together, or polymerization, of a large number of molecules of low molecular mass. The individual molecules forming the polymer are called monomers. (Sections 12.1 and 12.8)

  • Protic solvent

    A solvent that is a hydrogen-bond donor. Common protic solvents are water, low-molecular-weight alcohols, and low-molecular weight carboxylic acids.

  • Staggered conformation

    A conformation about a carbon-carbon single bond in which the atoms or groups on one carbon are as far apart as possible from atoms or groups on an adjacent carbon.

  • substrate

    The starting alkyl halide in a substitution or elimination reaction.

  • tertiary structure

    The threedimensional shape of a protein.

  • thermodynamics

    The study of how energy is distributed under the influence of entropy. For chemists, the thermodynamics of a reaction specifically refers to the study of the relative energy levels of reactants and products.

  • vinylic

    The carbon atoms of a carbon-carbon double bond.