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Solutions for Chapter Lesson 40: Shape and Smell

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Lesson 40: Shape and Smell

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2. Chapter Lesson 40: Shape and Smell includes 5 full step-by-step solutions. Since 5 problems in chapter Lesson 40: Shape and Smell have been answered, more than 23076 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Anti conformation

    A conformation about a single bond in which two groups on adjacent carbons lie at a dihedral angle of 180°.

  • antibonding molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated outside the region between the two nuclei of bonded atoms. Such orbitals, designated as s* or p*, are less stable (of higher energy) than bonding molecular orbitals. (Section 9.7)

  • beta elimination

    An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.

  • Born–Haber cycle

    A thermodynamic cycle based on Hess’s law that relates the lattice energy of an ionic substance to its enthalpy of formation and to other measurable quantities. (Section 8.2)

  • Brønsted base.

    A substance capable of accepting a proton. (4.3)

  • complex lipid

    A lipid that readily undergoes hydrolysis in aqueous acid or base to produce smaller fragments.

  • coplanar

    Atoms that lie in the same plane.

  • diffusion.

    The gradual mixing of molecules of one gas with the molecules of another by virtue of their kinetic properties. (5.7)

  • Ground-state electron confi guration

    The lowest-energy electron confi guration for an atom or molecule.

  • intermetallic compound

    A homogeneous alloy with definite properties and a fixed composition. Intermetallic compounds are stoichiometric compounds that form between metallic elements. (Section 12.3)

  • law of mass action

    The rules by which the equilibrium constant is expressed in terms of the concentrations of reactants and products, in accordance with the balanced chemical equation for the reaction. (Section 15.2)

  • mass

    A measure of the amount of material in an object. It measures the resistance of an object to being moved. In SI units, mass is measured in kilograms. (Section 1.4)

  • node

    In atomic and molecular orbitals, a location where the value of y is zero.

  • peptide bond

    The amide linkage by which two amino acids are coupled together to form peptides.

  • Planck constant (h)

    The constant that relates the energy and frequency of a photon, E = hn. Its value is 6.626 * 10-34 J@s. (Section 6.2)

  • Radical

    Any chemical species that contains one or more unpaired electrons.

  • saturated solution

    A solution in which undissolved solute and dissolved solute are in equilibrium. (Section 13.2)

  • sp2-hybridized orbitals

    Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with two p orbitals to form three hybridized atomic orbitals.

  • thermodynamic control

    A reaction for which the ratio of products is determined solely by the distribution of energy among the products.

  • Valence electrons

    Electrons in the valence (outermost) shell of an atom.

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