- Lesson 41.1: Explain the receptor site theory and how it applies to smell detect...
- Lesson 41.2: What does phase change have to do with smell?
- Lesson 41.3: Here is a structural formula for an active ingredient in muscle oin...
- Lesson 41.4: A chemist creates a new molecule that has a completely diff erent t...
- Lesson 41.5: Some smells are similar, such as popcorn and freshly baked bread. E...
- Lesson 41.6: How might the receptor site theory explain why a dog has a better s...
- Lesson 41.7: Why do you think you might get used to a smell and hardly detect it...
- Lesson 41.8: Are some smells faster than others? Explain.
Solutions for Chapter Lesson 41: Receptor Site Theory
Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition
A !CH2CH"CH2 group.
Benzyl group (C6H5CH2!)
The group derived from toluene by removing a hydrogen from its methyl group.
The breaking of a bond, either homolytically or heterolytically. bond dissociation energy (Sect. 6.1): The energy required to achieve homolytic bond cleavage (generating radicals).
A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)
A chemical reaction that proceeds with evolution of heat and usually also a flame; most combustion involves reaction with oxygen, as in the burning of a match. (Section 3.2)
A drawing style in which none of the bonds are drawn. Groups of atoms are clustered together when possible. For example, isopropanol has two CH3 groups, both of which are connected to the central carbon atom, shown like this: (CH3)2CHOH.
In an acid-base reaction, the product that results when a base is protonated.
Atoms or groups on an atom that are bonded to an atom that is bonded to two nonidentical groups, one of which contains a chiral center. When one of the atoms or groups is replaced by another group, a new chiral center is created and a set of diastereomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of 2-butanol, for example, are diastereotopic. Diastereotopic groups have different chemical shifts under all conditions
A class of lipids which includes leukotrienes, prostaglandins, thromboxanes, and prostacyclins.
A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with borane (BH3) to give a trialkylborane, which is then oxidized with alkaline hydrogen peroxide to give an alcohol
An instrument used to measure the precise masses and relative amounts of atomic and molecular ions. (Section 2.4)
A chemical combination of two or more atoms. (Sections 1.1 and 2.6)
An equation that relates the cell emf, E, to the standard emf, E°, and the reaction quotient, Q: E = E° - 1RT>nF2 ln Q. (Section 20.6)
nucleophilic acyl substitution
A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a carboxylic acid derivative.
oxidizing agent, or oxidant
The substance that is reduced and thereby causes the oxidation of some other substance in an oxidation–reduction reaction. (Section 20.1)
A molecule that possesses a nonzero dipole moment. (Section 8.4)
A term used to describe the character of a chemical entity (molecule, ion, or radical) exhibiting more than one significant resonance structure.
A molecule, ion, or radical described as a composite of a number of contributing structures
A conformation of a conjugateddiene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is translike (a dihedral angle of 180°).
A term used to indicate that a certain volume of a compound will dissolve in a specified amount of a liquid at room temperature.