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Solutions for Chapter Lesson 41: Receptor Site Theory

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Lesson 41: Receptor Site Theory

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2. Chapter Lesson 41: Receptor Site Theory includes 8 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 8 problems in chapter Lesson 41: Receptor Site Theory have been answered, more than 26558 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Allyl

    A !CH2CH"CH2 group.

  • Benzyl group (C6H5CH2!)

    The group derived from toluene by removing a hydrogen from its methyl group.

  • bond cleavage

    The breaking of a bond, either homolytically or heterolytically. bond dissociation energy (Sect. 6.1): The energy required to achieve homolytic bond cleavage (generating radicals).

  • collision model

    A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)

  • combustion reaction

    A chemical reaction that proceeds with evolution of heat and usually also a flame; most combustion involves reaction with oxygen, as in the burning of a match. (Section 3.2)

  • condensed structure

    A drawing style in which none of the bonds are drawn. Groups of atoms are clustered together when possible. For example, isopropanol has two CH3 groups, both of which are connected to the central carbon atom, shown like this: (CH3)2CHOH.

  • conjugate acid

    In an acid-base reaction, the product that results when a base is protonated.

  • Diastereotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that are bonded to an atom that is bonded to two nonidentical groups, one of which contains a chiral center. When one of the atoms or groups is replaced by another group, a new chiral center is created and a set of diastereomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of 2-butanol, for example, are diastereotopic. Diastereotopic groups have different chemical shifts under all conditions

  • eicosanoids

    A class of lipids which includes leukotrienes, prostaglandins, thromboxanes, and prostacyclins.

  • Hydroboration-oxidation

    A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with borane (BH3) to give a trialkylborane, which is then oxidized with alkaline hydrogen peroxide to give an alcohol

  • mass spectrometer

    An instrument used to measure the precise masses and relative amounts of atomic and molecular ions. (Section 2.4)

  • molecule

    A chemical combination of two or more atoms. (Sections 1.1 and 2.6)

  • Nernst equation

    An equation that relates the cell emf, E, to the standard emf, E°, and the reaction quotient, Q: E = E° - 1RT>nF2 ln Q. (Section 20.6)

  • nucleophilic acyl substitution

    A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a carboxylic acid derivative.

  • oxidizing agent, or oxidant

    The substance that is reduced and thereby causes the oxidation of some other substance in an oxidation–reduction reaction. (Section 20.1)

  • polar molecule

    A molecule that possesses a nonzero dipole moment. (Section 8.4)

  • resonance hybrid

    A term used to describe the character of a chemical entity (molecule, ion, or radical) exhibiting more than one significant resonance structure.

  • Resonance hybrid

    A molecule, ion, or radical described as a composite of a number of contributing structures

  • s-trans

    A conformation of a conjugateddiene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is translike (a dihedral angle of 180°).

  • soluble

    A term used to indicate that a certain volume of a compound will dissolve in a specified amount of a liquid at room temperature.

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