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Solutions for Chapter Lesson 99: Heat and Phase Changes

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Lesson 99: Heat and Phase Changes

Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2. Since 9 problems in chapter Lesson 99: Heat and Phase Changes have been answered, more than 24742 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter Lesson 99: Heat and Phase Changes includes 9 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • bending

    In IR spectroscopy, a type of vibration that generally produces a signal in the fingerprint region of an IR spectrum.

  • Carbanion

    An ion in which carbon has an unshared pair of electrons and bears a negative charge.

  • Chain propagation

    A step in a chain reaction characterized by the reaction of a reactive intermediate and a molecule to give a new reactive intermediate and a new molecule.

  • chromophore

    In UV-Vis spectroscopy, the region of the molecule responsible for the absorption (the conjugated p system).

  • coal

    A naturally occurring solid containing hydrocarbons of high molecular weight, as well as compounds containing sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen. (Section 5.8)

  • compound.

    A substance composed of atoms of two or more elements chemically united in fixed proportions. (1.4)

  • covalent bond

    A bond that results when two atoms share a pair of electrons.

  • diol

    A compound containing two hydroxyl groups (OH).

  • dissolving metal reduction

    A reaction in which an alkyne is converted into a trans alkene.

  • double helix

    The structure for DNA that involves the winding of two DNA polynucleotide chains together in a helical arrangement. The two strands of the double helix are complementary in that the organic bases on the two strands are paired for optimal hydrogen bond interaction. (Section 24.10)

  • E1cb mechanism

    An eliminationreaction in which the leaving group only leavesafter deprotonation occurs. This process occurs atthe end of an aldol condensation.

  • furanose

    A five-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.

  • High-density lipoprotein (HDL)

    Plasma particles, density 1.06–1.21 g/mL, consisting of approximately 33% proteins, 30% cholesterol, 29% phospholipids, and 8% triglycerides.

  • Micelle

    A spherical arrangement of organic molecules in water solution clustered so that their hydrophobic parts are buried inside the sphere and their hydrophilic parts are on the surface of the sphere and in contact with water

  • Molar absorptivity (e)

    The absorbance of a 1 M solution of a compound.

  • peptide bond

    A bond formed between two amino acids. (Section 24.7)

  • positron emission

    A nuclear decay process where a positron, a particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, symbol 0+1e, or b+ is emitted from the nucleus. (Section 21.1)

  • root-mean-square (rms) speed 1M2

    The square root of the average of the squared speeds of the gas molecules in a gas sample. (Section 10.7)

  • spectator ions

    Ions that go through a reaction unchanged and that appear on both sides of the complete ionic equation. (Section 4.2)

  • Tripeptide

    A molecule containing three amino acid units, each joined to the next by a peptide bond

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