- Lesson 118.1: What evidence is there that some processes are reversible?
- Lesson 118.2: What does a double arrow in a chemical equation tell you?
- Lesson 118.3: Provide examples to support the claim that phase changes are revers...
- Lesson 118.4: Provide examples to support the claim that processes involving the ...
- Lesson 118.5: Provide examples to support the claim that processes involving brea...
- Lesson 118.6: Imagine that you take an ice cube out of the freezer and place it o...
- Lesson 118.7: Imagine that you dissolve sucrose, C12H22O11(s), in water. a. Write...
- Lesson 118.8: Methane, CH4(g), burns in oxygen, O2(g), to produce carbon dioxide,...
- Lesson 118.9: Imagine that you breathe in oxygen and it binds to hemoglobin in yo...
Solutions for Chapter Lesson 118: Reversible Processes
Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition
A substance that has the characteristic properties of a metal and contains more than one element. Often there is one principal metallic component, with other elements present in smaller amounts. Alloys may be homogeneous or heterogeneous. (Section 12.3)
A carbon adjacent to a carbon-carbon double bond.
An organic compound that has an NR2 group attached to a carbonyl. (Section 24.4)
A solid that lacks a regular three-dimensional arrangement of atoms or molecules. (11.7)
A conformation in which the dihedral angle between two groups is 180°.
In a bicyclic system, the carbon atoms where the rings are fused together.
An atom or group of atoms bearing a positive charge.
The lowest energy conformation for cyclohexane, in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and all hydrogen atoms are staggered.
The angle created by two intersecting planes.
Theresulting net attraction between two dipoles.
Hydrogens that have the same chemical environment
A bond between oppositely charged ions. The ions are formed from atoms by transfer of one or more electrons. (Section 8.1)
In mass spectrometry,a plot that shows the relative abundance ofeach cation that was detected.
N-Terminal amino acid
The amino acid at the end of a polypeptide chain having the free !NH2 group
Pauli exclusion principle
No more than two electrons may be present in an orbital. If two electrons are present, their spins must be paired
Pauli exclusion principle
A rule stating that no two electrons in an atom may have the same four quantum numbers (n, l, ml, and ms). As a reflection of this principle, there can be no more than two electrons in any one atomic orbital. (Section 6.7)
A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A counterclockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as S.
The base-catalyzed hydrolysis of an ester. This method is used to make soap.
A reaction with a negative DG, which means that products are favored at equilibrium.
A polymer that can be melted and molded into a shape that is retained when it is cooled.