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Solutions for Chapter Lesson 118: Reversible Processes

Full solutions for Living by Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781464142314

Solutions for Chapter Lesson 118: Reversible Processes

Since 9 problems in chapter Lesson 118: Reversible Processes have been answered, more than 26756 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter Lesson 118: Reversible Processes includes 9 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living by Chemistry, edition: 2. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Living by Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781464142314.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alloy

    A substance that has the characteristic properties of a metal and contains more than one element. Often there is one principal metallic component, with other elements present in smaller amounts. Alloys may be homogeneous or heterogeneous. (Section 12.3)

  • Allylic carbon

    A carbon adjacent to a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • amide

    An organic compound that has an NR2 group attached to a carbonyl. (Section 24.4)

  • amorphous solid.

    A solid that lacks a regular three-dimensional arrangement of atoms or molecules. (11.7)

  • anti conformation

    A conformation in which the dihedral angle between two groups is 180°.

  • bridgeheads

    In a bicyclic system, the carbon atoms where the rings are fused together.

  • Cation

    An atom or group of atoms bearing a positive charge.

  • chair conformation

    The lowest energy conformation for cyclohexane, in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and all hydrogen atoms are staggered.

  • Dihedral angle

    The angle created by two intersecting planes.

  • dipole-dipole interactions

    Theresulting net attraction between two dipoles.

  • Equivalent hydrogens

    Hydrogens that have the same chemical environment

  • ionic bond

    A bond between oppositely charged ions. The ions are formed from atoms by transfer of one or more electrons. (Section 8.1)

  • mass spectrum

    In mass spectrometry,a plot that shows the relative abundance ofeach cation that was detected.

  • N-Terminal amino acid

    The amino acid at the end of a polypeptide chain having the free !NH2 group

  • Pauli exclusion principle

    No more than two electrons may be present in an orbital. If two electrons are present, their spins must be paired

  • Pauli exclusion principle

    A rule stating that no two electrons in an atom may have the same four quantum numbers (n, l, ml, and ms). As a reflection of this principle, there can be no more than two electrons in any one atomic orbital. (Section 6.7)

  • S

    A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A counterclockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as S.

  • saponification

    The base-catalyzed hydrolysis of an ester. This method is used to make soap.

  • spontaneous

    A reaction with a negative DG, which means that products are favored at equilibrium.

  • Thermoplastic

    A polymer that can be melted and molded into a shape that is retained when it is cooled.

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