- 10.3.10.11: Suggest an alcohol starting material and the conditions for the pre...
- 10.3.10.12: Write a curved-arrow mechanism for the rearrangement shown in Eq. 1...
- 10.3.10.13: Draw the structure of the alkyl halide product expected (if any) in...
Solutions for Chapter 10.3: reactions of alcohols with hydrogen halides
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
Compounds with a carbonyl functional group and the general formula RCHO, where R is an H atom, an alkyl, or an aromatic group. (24.4)
basic oxide (basic anhydride)
An oxide that either reacts with water to form a base or reacts with an acid to form a salt and water. (Section 22.5)
A structural form of protein in which two strands of amino acids are hydrogen-bonded together in a zipperlike configuration. (Section 24.7)
A rule that states that it is not possible for a bridgehead carbon of a bicyclic system to possess a carbon carbon double bond if it involves a trans p bond being incorporated in a ring comprised of fewer than eight atoms.
The ability of the atoms of an element to form bonds with one another. (22.3)
A state of dynamic balance in which the rate of formation of the products of a reaction from the reactants equals the rate of formation of the reactants from the products; at equilibrium the concentrations of the reactants and products remain constant. (Section 4.1;Chapter 15: Introduction)
A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)
An imaginary network of points on which the repeating motif of a solid may be imagined to be laid down so that the structure of the crystal is obtained. The motif may be a single atom or a group of atoms. Each lattice point represents an identical environment in the crystal. (Section 12.2)
A semiconducting material composed of just one element. (Section 12.7)
Two mirror-image molecules of a chiral substance. The enantiomers are nonsuperimposable. (Section 23.4)
Glass transition temperature (TG)
The temperature at which a polymer undergoes the transition from a hard glass to a rubbery state
The mixing of different types of atomic orbitals to produce a set of equivalent hybrid orbitals. (Section 9.5)
A compound containing a carbonyl group bonded to two carbons.
Finely powdered palladium metal deposited on solid calcium carbonate that has been specially modifi ed with lead salts. Its particular use is as a catalyst for the reduction of an alkyne to a cis alkene
A nucleoside in which a molecule of phosphoric acid is esterifi ed with an !OH of the monosaccharide, most commonly either the 39!OH or the 59!OH.
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of four peaks.
radioactive decay chain
A series of nuclear reactions that begins with an unstable nucleus and terminates with a stable one. Also called nuclear disintegration series. (Section 21.2)
rare earth element
See lanthanide element. (Sections 6.8 and 6.9)
A step-by-step description of how a chemical reaction occurs.
solubility-product constant (solubility product)1Ksp2
An equilibrium constant related to the equilibrium between a solid salt and its ions in solution. It provides a quantitative measure of the solubility of a slightly soluble salt. (Section 17.4)