- 220.127.116.11: (a) Which one of the following three amines can be prepared by eith...
- 18.104.22.168: Outline syntheses of the following compounds from the indicated sta...
- 22.214.171.124: Outline a synthesis of each of the following compounds from the ind...
- 126.96.36.199: (a) Could tert-butylamine be prepared by the Gabriel synthesis? If ...
- 188.8.131.52: Write a curved-arrow mechanism for each of the following reactions....
- 184.108.40.206: What product is formed when 2-methylpropanamide is subjected to the...
- 220.127.116.11: When hexanamide is subjected to the conditions of the Hofmann rearr...
- 18.104.22.168: Show how 2-cyclopentyl-N,N-dimethylethanamine could be synthesized ...
Solutions for Chapter 23.11: synthesis of Amines
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
Any reaction in which a new carbon-carbon bond to an alkyl group is formed.
In mass spectrometry, the tallest peak in the spectrum, which is assigned a relative value of 100%.
The light absorbed by a substance (A) equals the product of its extinction coefficient 1e2, the path length through which the light passes (b), and the molar concentration of the substance (c): A = ebc. (Section 14.2)
The amount of acid or base a buffer can neutralize before the pH begins to change appreciably. (Section 17.2)
A series of reactions in which one reaction initiates the next. (Section 21.7)
A compound containing a Cl group and a hydroxyl group (OH) on adjacent carbon atoms.
The escape of a gas through an orifice or hole. (Section 10.8)
The capacity to do work or to transfer heat. (Section 5.1)
A polymer with identical confi gurations (either all R or all S) at all chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, isotactic polypropylene
Naturally occurring compoundsthat can be extracted from cells usingnonpolar organic solvents.
Molecular ion (M1)
The radical cation formed by removal of a single electron from a parent molecule in a mass spectrometer.
In atomic and molecular orbitals, a location where the value of y is zero.
Principle of microscopic reversibility
This principle states that the sequence of transition states and reactive intermediates in the mechanism of any reversible reaction must be the same, but in reverse order, for the reverse reaction as for the forward reaction
Quaternary (4°) ammonium ion
An ion in which nitrogen is bonded to four carbons and bears a positive charge
A reaction in which a compound undergoes a decrease in oxidation state.
A systematic set of principles that enable the design of a synthetic route by working backward from the desired product.
A term used to indicate that a certain volume of a compound will dissolve in a specified amount of a liquid at room temperature.
Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with three p orbitals to form four hybridized atomic orbitals.
Specifi c rotation
The observed rotation of the plane of polarized light when a sample is placed in a tube 1.0 dm in length and at a concentration of 1 g/mL for a solution. For a pure liquid, concentration is expressed in g/mL (density).
Valence Bond Theory
A model of bonding that places electron pairs between adjacent atoms to create bonds.