- 184.108.40.206: Using Table 24.2 to assist you, draw a Fischer projection for the s...
- 220.127.116.11: Give Fischer projections for the aldaric acids derived from both d-...
- 18.104.22.168: Draw a Fischer projection for the aldaric acid, and a structure of ...
- 22.214.171.124: Give the product formed when each of the following alcohols is oxid...
- 126.96.36.199: Explain why the methyl a-d-pyranosides of all d-aldohexoses give, i...
- 188.8.131.52: Assuming you knew the properties of the compound obtained in 24.24,...
Solutions for Chapter 24.8: oxidation and reduction reactions of carbohydrates
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
acidic oxide (acidic anhydride)
An oxide that either reacts with a base to form a salt or with water to form an acid. (Section 22.5)
Element in which the 5f orbitals are only partially occupied. (Section 6.8)
An aldol addition followed by dehydration to give an a,bunsaturated ketone or aldehyde.
A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide
An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction in which an aryldiazonium salt reacts with an activated aromatic ring.
A means of protecting a metal against corrosion by making it the cathode in a voltaic cell. This can be achieved by attaching a more easily oxidized metal, which serves as an anode, to the metal to be protected. (Section 20.8)
The lowest energy conformation for cyclohexane, in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and all hydrogen atoms are staggered.
A system that enables the exchange of energy (usually in the form of heat) but not mass with its surroundings. (6.2)
The arrangement of electrons in the orbitals of an atom or molecule (Section 6.8)
A polyhydroxy aldehyde whose formula is CH2OH1CHOH24CHO; it is the most important of the monosaccharides. (Section 24.8)
A structure corresponding to a local minimum (valley) in an energy diagram.
The NO2+ ion, which is present in a mixture of nitric acid and sulfuric acid.
A rule stating that bonded atoms tend to possess or share a total of eight valence-shell electrons. (Section 8.1)
Cleavage by light.
A particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, 0 +1e, or b+. (Section 21.1)
A biopolymer formed from amino acids. (Section 24.7)
An intermediate that has both a negative charge and an unpaired electron.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a particular phosphodiester bond within a DNA strand.
standard emf, also called the standard cell potential 1E°2
The emf of a cell when all reagents are at standard conditions. (Section 20.4)
Compounds that have the same constitution but differ in the 3D arrangement of atoms.