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Solutions for Chapter 24.8: oxidation and reduction reactions of carbohydrates

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9781936221349

Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9781936221349 | Authors: Marc Loudon, Jim Parise

Solutions for Chapter 24.8: oxidation and reduction reactions of carbohydrates

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 6. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781936221349. Since 6 problems in chapter 24.8: oxidation and reduction reactions of carbohydrates have been answered, more than 34529 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 24.8: oxidation and reduction reactions of carbohydrates includes 6 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acidic oxide (acidic anhydride)

    An oxide that either reacts with a base to form a salt or with water to form an acid. (Section 22.5)

  • actinide element

    Element in which the 5f orbitals are only partially occupied. (Section 6.8)

  • aldol condensation

    An aldol addition followed by dehydration to give an a,bunsaturated ketone or aldehyde.

  • Aprotic solvent

    A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide

  • azo coupling

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction in which an aryldiazonium salt reacts with an activated aromatic ring.

  • cathodic protection

    A means of protecting a metal against corrosion by making it the cathode in a voltaic cell. This can be achieved by attaching a more easily oxidized metal, which serves as an anode, to the metal to be protected. (Section 20.8)

  • chair conformation

    The lowest energy conformation for cyclohexane, in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and all hydrogen atoms are staggered.

  • closed system.

    A system that enables the exchange of energy (usually in the form of heat) but not mass with its surroundings. (6.2)

  • electron configuration

    The arrangement of electrons in the orbitals of an atom or molecule (Section 6.8)

  • glucose

    A polyhydroxy aldehyde whose formula is CH2OH1CHOH24CHO; it is the most important of the monosaccharides. (Section 24.8)

  • intermediate

    A structure corresponding to a local minimum (valley) in an energy diagram.

  • nitronium ion

    The NO2+ ion, which is present in a mixture of nitric acid and sulfuric acid.

  • octet rule

    A rule stating that bonded atoms tend to possess or share a total of eight valence-shell electrons. (Section 8.1)

  • Photolysis

    Cleavage by light.

  • positron

    A particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, 0 +1e, or b+. (Section 21.1)

  • protein

    A biopolymer formed from amino acids. (Section 24.7)

  • radical anion

    An intermediate that has both a negative charge and an unpaired electron.

  • Restriction endonuclease

    An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a particular phosphodiester bond within a DNA strand.

  • standard emf, also called the standard cell potential 1E°2

    The emf of a cell when all reagents are at standard conditions. (Section 20.4)

  • stereoisomers

    Compounds that have the same constitution but differ in the 3D arrangement of atoms.

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