- 184.108.40.206: Given the pKa values of methyl phosphate shown in this section, cal...
- 220.127.116.11: The side chain R of the amino acid serine is CH2OH. Draw the struct...
- 18.104.22.168: In the structure of acetyl-CoA (Fig. 25.1), point out and identify ...
Solutions for Chapter 25.2: pHOSpHORIC ACID DERIVATIVES
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
In UV-Vis spectroscopy, the value log (I0/I) where I0 is the intensity of the reference beam and I is the intensity of the sample beam.
The product formed when the C"O group of a monosaccharide is reduced to a CHOH group.
Radical scavengers that prevent autooxidation by preventing radical chain reactions from beginning.
A cholesterol-derived detergent molecule, such as cholic acid, which is secreted by the gallbladder into the intestine to assist in the absorption of dietary lipids.
Polymers that can be broken down by enzymes produced by soil microorganisms.
A measure of the degree to which the electrons are shared unequally between two atoms in a chemical bond. (Section 8.4)
Compound containing only carbon, chlorine, and fluorine.
Reactions in which two p systems are joined together in a way that forms a ring. In the process, two p bonds are converted into two s bonds.
The angle by which two groups are separated in a Newman projection.
directed aldol addition
A techniquefor performing a crossed aldol addition thatproduces one major product.
A pericyclic process in which a conjugated polyene undergoes cyclization. In the process, one p bond is converted into a s bond, while the remaining p bonds all change their location. The newly formed s bond joins the ends of the original p system,thereby creating a ring.
An unsaturated compound derived by the reaction of an aldehyde or ketone and a secondary amine followed by loss of H2O; R2C"CR!NR2
A reaction in which the reaction rate is proportional to the concentration of a single reactant, raised to the first power. (Section 14.4)
A fi ve-membered cyclic form of a monosaccharide.
Nonpolar covalent bond
A covalent bond between atoms whose difference in electronegativity is less than approximately 0.5.
Light for which all photons have the same polarization, generally formed by passing light through a polarizing filter.
A hydrocarbon that contains no p bonds.
Tertiary structure of proteins
The three-dimensional arrangement in space of all atoms in a single polypeptide chain.
Strain that arises when nonbonded atoms separated by three bonds are forced from a staggered conformation to an eclipsed conformation. Torsional strain is also called eclipsed-interaction strain.
Valence Bond Theory
A model of bonding that places electron pairs between adjacent atoms to create bonds.