- 13.5.6: a. What is the major monochlorination product of the following reac...
- 13.5.7: a. What would be the major product of the reaction in if the alkane...
- 13.5.8: a. Would chlorination or bromination produce a greater yield of 1-h...
- 13.5.9: How could butanone be prepared from butane?
- 13.5.10: Show how the following compounds could be prepared from 2-methylpro...
Solutions for Chapter 13.5: The ReactivitySelectivity Principle
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
A term used to classify benzene and its derivatives.
In IR spectroscopy, a type of vibration that generally produces a signal in the fingerprint region of an IR spectrum.
An atom or group of atoms bearing a positive charge.
Processes in which one or more substances are converted into other substances; also called chemical changes. (Section 1.3)
The production of chlorine gas by the electrolysis of aqueous NaCl solution. (22.6)
A technique by which compounds are separated from each other based on a difference in the way they interact with the medium (the adsorbent) through which they are passed.
coordinate covalent bond.
A bond in which the pair of electrons is supplied by one of the two bonded atoms; also called a dative bond. (9.9)
Dalton’s law of partial pressures
A law stating that the total pressure of a mixture of gases is the sum of the pressures that each gas would exert if it were present alone. (Section 10.6)
Dalton’s law of partial pressures.
The total pressure of a mixture of gases is just the sum of the pressures that each gas would exert if it were present alone. (5.6)
Loss of CO2 from a carboxyl group.
The process by which a protein adopts its biologically active shape. (Section 24.7)
A reaction that involves the addition of X2 (either Br2 or Cl2) across an alkene.
The reaction rate at a particular time as opposed to the average rate over an interval of time. (Section 14.2)
Ionization potential (IP)
The minimum energy required to remove an electron from an atom or molecule to a distance where there is no electrostatic interaction between the resulting ion and electron.
The main fabricof cell membranes, assembled primarily fromphosphoglycerides.
A device inwhich a compound is first vaporized and convertedinto ions, which are then separated anddetected.
A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a conjugated p system, resulting in a 1,4-addition.
The emission of electrons from a metal surface induced by light. (Section 6.2)
Groups that strongy deactivate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly decreasing the rate of the reaction.
The sulfur analog of an ether; a molecule containing a sulfur atom bonded to two carbon atoms. Sulfi des are also called thioethers