Solutions for Chapter 3.13: Conformers of Cyclohexane
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition
The product obtained when the aldehyde group of an aldose is reduced.
A substituent lacking p bonds and comprised of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
Bonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electrons have a lower energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals
Therange of all frequencies of electromagnetic radiation,which is arbitrarily divided into severalregions, most commonly by wavelength.
A reaction involving the loss of a leaving group and formation of a p bond.
exchange (metathesis) reaction
A reaction between compounds that when written as a molecular equation appears to involve the exchange of ions between the two reactants. (Section 4.2)
free induction decay
In NMR spectroscopy, a complex signal which is a combination of all of the electrical impulses generated by each type of proton.
In an exothermic process the transition state is closer in energy to the reactants than to the products, and therefore the structure of the transition state more closely resembles the reactants. In contrast, the transition state in an endothermic process is closer in energy to the products, and therefore the transition state more closely resembles the products.
heat of fusion
The enthalpy change, ?H, for melting a solid. (Section 11.4)
Compounds formed between two different halogen elements. Examples include IBr and BrF3. (Section 22.4)
The concentration of a solution expressed as moles of solute per kilogram of solvent; abbreviated m. (Section 13.4)
The concentration of a solution expressed as moles of solute per liter of solution; abbreviated M. (Section 4.5)
A reaction in which one compound undergoes an increase in oxidation state.
Matter that has a fixed composition and distinct properties. (Section 1.2)
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of five peaks.
A change in connectivity of the atoms in a product compared with the con nectivity of the same atoms in the starting material.
A conformation of a conjugated diene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is cis-like (a dihedral angle of 0°).
An atom, most commonly carbon, about which exchange of two groups produces a stereoisomer. Chiral centers are one type of stereocenter
An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction in which an SO3H group is installed on an aromatic ring.
An intermediate with tetrahedral geometry. This type of intermediate is formed when a nucleophile attacks the carbonyl group of a carboxylic acid derivative.
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