- Chapter 1: Covalent Bonding and Shapes of Molecules
- Chapter 10: Alcohols
- Chapter 11: Ethers, Epoxides, and Sulfides
- Chapter 12: Infrared Spectroscopy
- Chapter 13: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
- Chapter 14: Mass Spectrometry
- Chapter 15: An Introduction to Organometallic Compounds
- Chapter 16: Aldehydes and Ketones
- Chapter 17: Carboxylic Acids
- Chapter 18: Functional Derivatives of Carboxylic Acids
- Chapter 19: Enolate Anions and Enamines
- Chapter 2: Constitutional Isomerism in Alkanes
- Chapter 20: Dienes, Conjugated Systems, and Pericyclic Reactions
- Chapter 21: Benzene and the Concept of Aromaticity
- Chapter 22: Reactions of Benzene and Its Derivatives
- Chapter 23: Amines
- Chapter 24: Catalytic Carbon-Carbon Bond Formation
- Chapter 3: Stereoisomerism and Chirality
- Chapter 4: Acids and Bases
- Chapter 5: Structure of Alkenes
- Chapter 6: Electrophilic Additions
- Chapter 7: Alkynes
- Chapter 8: Haloalkanes, Halogenation, and Radical Reactions
- Chapter 9: Nucleophilic Substitution and b-Elimination
Organic Chemistry 7th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
Compounds with a carbonyl functional group and the general formula RCHO, where R is an H atom, an alkyl, or an aromatic group. (24.4)
A solid that lacks a regular three-dimensional arrangement of atoms or molecules. (11.7)
The enthalpy change, ?H, required to break a particular bond when the substance is in the gas phase. (Section 8.8)
A substance capable of donating a proton. (4.3)
A temperature scale on which water freezes at 0° and boils at 100° at sea level. (Section 1.4)
A state of dynamic balance in which the rate of formation of the products of a reaction from the reactants equals the rate of formation of the reactants from the products; at equilibrium the concentrations of the reactants and products remain constant. (Section 4.1;Chapter 15: Introduction)
A reaction in which the Gibbs free energy of the products is higher than that of the reactants. The position of equilibrium for an endergonic reaction favors starting materials
A substance with one or more unpaired electrons. (Section 21.9)
A nonpolar group that does not have favorable interactions with water.
For water, Kw is the product of the aquated hydrogen ion and hydroxide ion concentrations: 3H+43OH-4 = Kw = 1.0 * 10-14 at 25 °C. (Section 16.3)
Solids that are composed of metal atoms. (Section 12.1)
A naturally occurring mixture of gaseous hydrocarbon compounds composed of hydrogen and carbon. (Section 5.8)
A C6H5 group.
A form of lipid molecule that contains charged phosphate groups. (Section 24.9)
polar aprotic solvent
A solvent that lacks hydrogen atoms connected directly to an electronegative atom.
pressure–volume (PV) work
Work performed by expansion of a gas against a resisting pressure. (Section 5.3)
A term describing a consideration that must be taken into account for a reaction in which two or more constitutional isomers can be formed.
Separation of a racemic mixture into its enantiomers; in mass spectrometry, a measure of how well a mass spectrometer separates ions of different mass.
Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion theory, which can be used to predict the geometry around an atom.
A neutral molecule with positive and negative charges on adjacent atoms