- Chapter 1: Covalent Bonding and Shapes of Molecules
- Chapter 10: Alcohols
- Chapter 11: Ethers, Epoxides, and Sulfides
- Chapter 12: Infrared Spectroscopy
- Chapter 13: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
- Chapter 14: Mass Spectrometry
- Chapter 15: An Introduction to Organometallic Compounds
- Chapter 16: Aldehydes and Ketones
- Chapter 17: Carboxylic Acids
- Chapter 18: Functional Derivatives of Carboxylic Acids
- Chapter 19: Enolate Anions and Enamines
- Chapter 2: Constitutional Isomerism in Alkanes
- Chapter 20: Dienes, Conjugated Systems, and Pericyclic Reactions
- Chapter 21: Benzene and the Concept of Aromaticity
- Chapter 22: Reactions of Benzene and Its Derivatives
- Chapter 23: Amines
- Chapter 24: Catalytic Carbon-Carbon Bond Formation
- Chapter 3: Stereoisomerism and Chirality
- Chapter 4: Acids and Bases
- Chapter 5: Structure of Alkenes
- Chapter 6: Electrophilic Additions
- Chapter 7: Alkynes
- Chapter 8: Haloalkanes, Halogenation, and Radical Reactions
- Chapter 9: Nucleophilic Substitution and b-Elimination
Organic Chemistry 7th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
A radical reaction that achieves installation of a bromine atom at an allylic position.
In NMR spectroscopy, protons (or carbon atoms) that occupy identical electronic environments and produce only one signal.
Cis, trans isomers
Stereoisomers that have the same connectivity but a different arrangement of their atoms in space as a result of the presence of either a ring or a carboncarbon double bond.
The isotope of hydrogen whose nucleus contains a proton and a neutron: 2 1H. (Section 22.2)
A compound that rotates plane-polarized light in a clockwise direction (+).
energy of activation
In an energy diagram, the height of the energy barrier (the hump) between the reactants and the products.
A derivative of a carboxylic acid in which H of the carboxyl group is replaced by a carbon.
Triglycerides that are solids atroom temperature.
The number of times per second that one complete wavelength passes a given point. (Section 6.1)
A carbohydrate in which the !OH on its anomeric carbon is replaced by !OR
An alloy in which the components are not distributed uniformly; instead, two or more distinct phases with characteristic compositions are present. (Section 12.3)
Any molecular vibration that leads to a substantial change in dipole moment and is observed in an IR spectrum.
Le Châtelier’s principle
A principle stating that when we disturb a system at chemical equilibrium, the relative concentrations of reactants and
The study ofthe interaction between matter and an energysource other than electromagnetic radiation. Massspectrometry is used primarily to determine the molecular weight and molecular formula of a compound.
An achiral compound possessing two or more chiral centers that also has chiral isomers
primary alkyl halide
An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to only one alkyl group.
second law of thermodynamics
A statement of our experience that there is a direction to the way events occur in nature. When a process occurs spontaneously in one direction, it is nonspontaneous in the reverse direction. It is possible to state the second law in many different forms, but they all relate back to the same idea about spontaneity. One of the most common statements found in chemical contexts is that in any spontaneous process the entropy of the universe increases. (Section 19.2)
A material that has electrical conductivity between that of a metal and that of an insulator. (Section 12.7)
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of only one peak.
The angle between two groups in a Newman projection, also called the dihedral angle.