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Solutions for Chapter 10: Energy

Full solutions for World Of Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9780618562763

Solutions for Chapter 10: Energy

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: World Of Chemistry, edition: 2. Since 11 problems in chapter 10: Energy have been answered, more than 2691 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. World Of Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780618562763. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 10: Energy includes 11 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkoxy substituent

    An OR group.

  • alpha particles.

    See alpha rays.

  • atomic radius.

    One-half the distance between the two nuclei in two adjacent atoms of the same element in a metal. For elements that exist as diatomic units, the atomic radius is one-half the distance between the nuclei of the two atoms in a particular molecule. (8.3)

  • axial position

    For chair conformations of substituted cyclohexanes, a position that is parallel to a vertical axis passing through the center of the ring.

  • Base peak

    The peak caused by the most abundant ion in a mass spectrum; the most intense peak. It is assigned an arbitrary intensity of 100

  • Chromatography

    A separation method involving passing a vapor or solution mixture through a column packed with a material with different affi nities for different components of the mixture.

  • Diels-Alder adduct

    A cyclohexene resulting from the cycloaddition reaction of a diene and a dienophile.

  • diol

    A compound containing two hydroxyl groups (OH).

  • equivalence point

    The point in a titration at which the added solute reacts completely with the solute present in the solution. (Section 4.6)

  • Fischer projection

    A twodimensional representation of a molecule; in these projections, groups on the right and left are by convention in front, while those at the top and bottom are to the rear.

  • induction

    The withdrawal of electron density that occurs when a bond is shared by two atoms of differing electronegativity.

  • metallic solids

    Solids that are composed of metal atoms. (Section 12.1)

  • molal boiling-point-elevation constant (Kb)

    A constant characteristic of a particular solvent that gives the increase in boiling point as a function of solution molality: ?Tb = Kbm. (Section 13.5)

  • Nucleotide

    A nucleoside in which a molecule of phosphoric acid is esterifi ed with an !OH of the monosaccharide, most commonly either the 39!OH or the 59!OH.

  • overlap

    The extent to which atomic orbitals on different atoms share the same region of space. When the overlap between two orbitals is large, a strong bond may be formed. (Section 9.4)

  • percent yield

    The ratio of the actual (experimental) yield of a product to its theoretical (calculated) yield, multiplied by 100. (Section 3.7)

  • Photodynamic therapy

    Biological damage caused by photosensitizers, light, and oxygen, used to kill tumor and other cells.

  • radioisotope

    An isotope that is radioactive; that is, it is undergoing nuclear changes with emission of radiation. (Section 21.1)

  • replacement test

    A test for determining the relationship between two protons. The compound is drawn two times, each time replacing one of the protons with deuterium. If the two compounds are identical, the protons are homotopic. If the two compounds are enantiomers, the protons are enantiotopic. If the two compounds are diastereomers, the protons are diastereotopic.

  • semiconductor

    A material that has electrical conductivity between that of a metal and that of an insulator. (Section 12.7)

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