- 13.7SE.1PE: Calculation of Vapor Pressure of a SolutionGlycerin (C3H8O3) is a n...
- 13.7SE.2PE: Calculation of Vapor Pressure of a SolutionGlycerin (C3H8O3) is a n...
Solutions for Chapter 13.7SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
activation energy (Ea)
The minimum energy needed for reaction; the height of the energy barrier to formation of products. (Section 14.5)
The compound CH2"C"CH2. Any compound that contains adjacent carbon-carbon double bonds; that is, any molecule that contains a C"C"C functional group.
A polysaccharide of glucose; it is the major structural element in plant matter. (Section 24.8)
For a substitutedaromatic ring, the effect of an electronwithdrawingsubstituent that decreases therate of electrophilic aromatic substitution.
A process during which a protein unfolds under conditions of mild heating.
For alkenes, a stereodescriptorthat indicates that the two priority groups are on opposite sides of the p bond.
A thermodynamic function associated with the number of different equivalent energy states or spatial arrangements in which a system may be found. It is a thermodynamic state function, which means that once we specify the conditions for a system—that is, the temperature, pressure, and so on—the entropy is defined. (Section 19.2)
free induction decay
In NMR spectroscopy, a complex signal which is a combination of all of the electrical impulses generated by each type of proton.
frontier orbital theory
The analysis of a reaction using MO theory, where only the frontier orbitals (HOMO and LUMO) are considered.
heat of reaction
The heat given off during a reaction.
An amine in which nitrogen is one of the atoms of a ring
A compound containing two carbon-carbon p bonds that are separated by two or more s bonds.
A compound capable offunctioning as an electron pair donor.
In the addition of HX, H2O, or ROH to an alkene, hydrogen adds to the carbon of the double bond having the greater number of hydrogens.
A variety of enzymes that selectively hydrolyze specific peptide bonds.
Reversibly creating an unreactive group for the purpose of preventing a functional group from potentially reacting to give an unwanted product or products
The gain of electrons. Alternatively, either the gain of hydrogen, loss of oxygen, or both
retro Diels-Alder reaction
The reverse of a Diels-Alder reaction, achieved at high temperature. A cyclohexene derivative is converted into a diene and a dienophile.
sp2 Hybrid orbital
A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and two 2p atomic orbitals.
A net neutral compound that exhibits charge separation. Amino acids exist as zwitterions at physiological pH.