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Solutions for Chapter 21: Organic Chemistry 2nd Edition

Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9781118454312 | Authors: David R. Klein

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781118454312

Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9781118454312 | Authors: David R. Klein

Solutions for Chapter 21

Solutions for Chapter 21
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 2
Author: David R. Klein
ISBN: 9781118454312

Chapter 21 includes 55 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781118454312. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 2. Since 55 problems in chapter 21 have been answered, more than 98176 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • addition to p bond

    One of the six kinds of arrow-pushing patterns used in drawing mechanisms for radical reactions. A radical adds to a p bond, destroying the p bond and generating a new radical.

  • Alcohol

    A compound containing an !OH (hydroxyl) group bonded to a carbon atom

  • Allylic substitution

    Any reaction in which an atom or group of atoms is substituted for another atom or group of atoms at an allylic carbon.

  • amino acid residue

    The individual repeating units in a polypeptide chain or protein.

  • buffer solution.

    A solution of (a) a weak acid or base and (b) its salt; both components must be present. The solution has the ability to resist changes in pH upon the addition of small amounts of either acid or base. (16.3)

  • diatomic molecule.

    A molecule that consists of two atoms. (2.5)

  • Double helix

    A type of secondary structure of DNA molecules in which two anti parallel polynucleotide strands are coiled in a right-handed manner about the same axis

  • electron-domain geometry

    The three- dimensional arrangement of the electron domains around an atom according to the VSEPR model. (Section 9.2)

  • Energy diagram

    A graph showing the changes in energy that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis, and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis. Also called a reaction coordinate diagram

  • Line-angle formula

    An abbreviated way to draw structural formulas in which vertices and line endings represent carbons

  • Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)

    Plasma particles, density 1.02–1.06 g/mL, consisting of approximately 26% proteins, 50% cholesterol, 21% phospholipids, and 4% triglycerides.

  • Nonpolar covalent bond

    A covalent bond between atoms whose difference in electronegativity is less than approximately 0.5.

  • Oxonium ion

    An ion in which oxygen bears a positive charge.

  • phosphoglycerides

    Compounds that are very similar in structure to triglycerides, with the main difference being that one of the three fatty acid residues is replaced by a phosphoester group.

  • pressure

    A measure of the force exerted on a unit area. In chemistry, pressure is often expressed in units of atmospheres (atm) or torr: 760 torr = 1 atm; in SI units pressure is expressed in pascals (Pa). (Section 10.2)

  • rem

    A measure of the biological damage caused by radiation; rems = rads * RBE. (Section 21.9)

  • saturated

    A compound that contains no p bonds.

  • secondary structure

    The manner in which a protein is coiled or stretched. (Section 24.7)

  • sigma (s) bond

    A bond that is characterized by circular symmetry with respect to the bond axis.

  • Vinyl group

    A carbocation in which the positive charge is on one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.

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