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Solutions for Chapter 8: Delocalized Electrons and Their Effect on Stability, pKa, and the Products of a Reaction

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781269406772 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9781269406772

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781269406772 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 8: Delocalized Electrons and Their Effect on Stability, pKa, and the Products of a Reaction

Solutions for Chapter 8
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 7
Author: Paula Yurkanis Bruice
ISBN: 9781269406772

Summary of Chapter 8: Delocalized Electrons and Their Effect on Stability, pKa, and the Products of a Reaction

Delocalized electrons play such an important role in organic chemistry that they will be a part of all the remaining chapters in this book. This chapter will start by showing you how delocalized electrons are depicted. Then you will see how they affect things that are now familiar to you, such as pKa values, the stability of carbocations, and the products formed from electrophilic addition reactions.

Chapter 8: Delocalized Electrons and Their Effect on Stability, pKa, and the Products of a Reaction includes 158 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781269406772. Since 158 problems in chapter 8: Delocalized Electrons and Their Effect on Stability, pKa, and the Products of a Reaction have been answered, more than 500055 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acid

    A substance that is able to donate a H+ ion (a proton) and, hence, increases the concentration of H+1aq2 when it dissolves in water. (Section 4.3)

  • barometer

    An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure. (5.2)

  • biodegradable

    Organic material that bacteria are able to oxidize. (Section 18.4)

  • decarboxylation

    A reaction involving loss of CO2, characteristic of compounds containing a carbonyl group that is beta to a COOH group.

  • degree of substitution

    For alkenes, a classification method that refers to the number of alkyl groups connected to the double bond.

  • delocalized

    A lone pair or charge that is participating in resonance.

  • E (Section 5.2C)

    From the German, entgegen, opposite. Specifi es that groups of higher priority on the carbons of a double bond are on opposite sides

  • ester

    An organic compound that has an OR group attached to a carbonyl; it is the product of a reaction between a carboxylic acid and an alcohol. (Section 24.4)

  • exo

    In Diels-Alder reactions that produce bicyclic structures, the positions that are anti to the larger bridge.

  • Fatty acid

    A long, unbranched-chain carboxylic acid, most commonly of 12 to 20 carbons, derived from the hydrolysis of animal fats, vegetable oils, or the phospholipids of biological membranes.

  • Furanose

    A fi ve-membered cyclic form of a monosaccharide.

  • Gabriel synthesis

    A method forpreparing primary amines that avoids formation of secondary and tertiary amines.

  • line spectrum

    A spectrum that contains radiation at only certain specific wavelengths. (Section 6.3)

  • Monosaccharide

    A carbohydrate that cannot be hydrolyzed to a simpler carbohydrate.

  • Nitrogen rule

    A rule stating that the molecular ion of a compound with an odd number of nitrogen atoms has an odd m/z ratio; if zero or an even number of nitrogen atoms, the molecular ion has an even m/z ratio

  • percent yield

    The ratio of the actual (experimental) yield of a product to its theoretical (calculated) yield, multiplied by 100. (Section 3.7)

  • Radical

    Any chemical species that contains one or more unpaired electrons.

  • silicates

    Compounds containing silicon and oxygen, structurally based on SiO4 tetrahedra. (Section 22.10)

  • specific rotation

    For a chiral compound that is subjected to plane-polarized light, the observed rotation when a standard concentration (1 g/mL) and a standard path length (1 dm) are used.

  • Terpene

    A compound whose carbon skeleton can be divided into two or more units identical with the carbon skeleton of isoprene