- Chapter 1:
- Chapter 10:
- Chapter 11:
- Chapter 12:
- Chapter 13:
- Chapter 14:
- Chapter 15:
- Chapter 16:
- Chapter 17:
- Chapter 18:
- Chapter 19:
- Chapter 19.T:
- Chapter 2:
- Chapter 2.T:
- Chapter 20:
- Chapter 21:
- Chapter 22:
- Chapter 23:
- Chapter 24:
- Chapter 25:
- Chapter 26:
- Chapter 27:
- Chapter 28:
- Chapter 3:
- Chapter 4:
- Chapter 5:
- Chapter 6:
- Chapter 7:
- Chapter 8:
- Chapter 9:
Organic Chemistry 7th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
The conjugate base of acetylene or any terminal alkyne.
The product formed when the C"O group of a monosaccharide is reduced to a CHOH group.
Members of group 1A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)
A carbon atom that is immediately adjacent to a benzene ring.
In 13C NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which all 13C!1H splitting is suppressed with the use of two rf transmitters.
A CRO bond. carboxylic acid derivative (Sect. 21.6): A compound that is similar in structure to a carboxylic acid (RCOOH) but the OH group of the carboxylic acid has been replaced with a different group, Z, where Z is a heteroatom such as Cl, O, N, etc. Nitriles (R!C#N) are also considered to be carboxylic acid derivatives because they have the same oxidation state as carboxylic acids.
A substance that changes the speed of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing a permanent chemical change in the process. (Section 14.7)
The number of adjacent atoms to which an atom is directly bonded. In a complex the coordination number of the metal ion is the number of donor atoms to which it is bonded. (Sections 12.37 and 24.2)
A theory that accounts for the colors and the magnetic and other properties of transition-metal complexes in terms of the splitting of the energies of metal ion d orbitals by the electrostatic interaction with the ligands. (Section 23.6)
dissolving metal reduction
A reaction in which an alkyne is converted into a trans alkene.
In Diels-Alder reactions that produce bicyclic structures, the positions that are anti to the larger bridge.
A drawing style that is often used when dealing with compounds bearing multiple chirality centers, especially for carbohydrates. (See also Sect. 5.7.)
The highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) that participate in a reaction.
Infrared (IR) spectroscopy
A spectroscopic technique in which a compound is irradiated with infrared radiation, absorption of which causes covalent bonds to change from a lower vibration state to a higher one. Infrared spectroscopy is particularly valuable for determining the kinds of functional groups present in a molecule.
law of constant composition
A law that states that the elemental composition of a pure compound is always the same, regardless of its source; also called the law of definite proportions. (Section 1.2)
mean free path
The average distance traveled by a gas molecule between collisions. (Section 10.8)
The product obtained when a monosaccharide is treated with an amine in the presence of an acid catalyst.
For light, the orientation of the electric field.
Polymers that are similar in structure to polyesters but with repeating carbonate groups (!O!CO2!) instead of repeating ester groups (!CO2!). polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Sanger dideoxy method
A method developed by Frederick Sanger for sequencing DNA molecules