- Chapter 1: Covalent Bonding and Shapes of Molecules
- Chapter 10: Alcohols
- Chapter 11: Ethers, Epoxides, and Sulfi des
- Chapter 12: Infrared Spectroscopy
- Chapter 13: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
- Chapter 14: Mass Spectrometry
- Chapter 15: An Introduction to Organometallic Compounds
- Chapter 16: Aldehydes and Ketones
- Chapter 17: Carboxylic Acids
- Chapter 18: Functional Derivatives of Carboxylic Acids
- Chapter 19: Enolate Anions and Enamines
- Chapter 2: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes
- Chapter 20: Dienes, Conjugated Systems, and Pericyclic Reactions
- Chapter 21: Benzene and the Concept of Aromaticity
- Chapter 22: Reactions of Benzene and Its Derivatives
- Chapter 23: Amines
- Chapter 24: Catalytic Carbon-Carbon Bond Formation
- Chapter 25: Carbohydrates
- Chapter 26: Lipids
- Chapter 27: Amino Acids and Proteins
- Chapter 28: Nucleic Acids
- Chapter 29: Organic Polymer Chemistry
- Chapter 3: Stereoisomerism and Chirality
- Chapter 4: Acids and Bases
- Chapter 5: Alkenes: Bonding, Nomenclature, and Properties
- Chapter 6: Reactions of Alkenes
- Chapter 7: Alkynes
- Chapter 8: Haloalkanes, Halogenation, and Radical Reactions
- Chapter 9: Nucleophilic Substitution and b-Elimination
Organic Chemistry 6th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 6th Edition
A carbocation in which the positive charge is adjacent to a carbon-carbon double bond.
The slow oxidation of organic compounds that occurs in the presence of atmospheric oxygen.
A method for preparing primary amines that avoids the formation of secondary and tertiary amines.
A high-energy intermediate formed during the elimination-addition reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.
beta (b) pleated sheet
For proteins, a feature of secondary structure that forms when two or more protein chains line up side-by-side.
A neutral molecule with nonadjacent positive and negative charges. An example of a betaine is the intermediate formed by addition of a Wittig reagent to an aldehyde or ketone
A species in which a carbon atom has only six electrons in its valence shell and bears a positive charge
Acids that contain the carboxyl group —COOH. (24.4)
A force that becomes significant when polar molecules come in close contact with one another. The force is attractive when the positive end of one polar molecule approaches the negative end of another. (Section 11.2)
Matter that has no fixed volume or shape; it conforms to the volume and shape of its container. (Section 1.2)
For substituted cycloalkanes, a drawing style used to clearly identify which groups are above the ring and which groups are below the ring. (See also Sect. 4.14.)
The heat evolved in a given process can be expressed as the sum of the heats of several processes that, when added, yield the process of interest. (Section 5.6)
Infrared (IR) spectroscopy
A spectroscopic technique in which a compound is irradiated with infrared radiation, absorption of which causes covalent bonds to change from a lower vibration state to a higher one. Infrared spectroscopy is particularly valuable for determining the kinds of functional groups present in a molecule.
pi (p) bond
A bond formed from adjacent, overlapping p orbitals.
Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)
A hydrocarbon containing two or more fused benzene rings
Replacing this hydrogen by deuterium gives a chiral center with an S confi guration
An applied magnetic fi eld causes the p electrons of an aromatic ring to circulate, giving rise to the so-called ring current and an associated magnetic fi eld that opposes the applied fi eld in the middle of the ring but reinforces the applied fi eld on the outside of the ring.
An interaction in which nuclear spins of adjacent atoms infl uence each other and lead to the spitting of NMR signals.
Fibrous proteins that are used for their structural rigidity. Examples include a-keratins found in hair, nails, skin, feathers, and wool.
The geometry of an atom with four bonds separated from each other by 109.5°.