> > Intermediate Algebra 6

Intermediate Algebra 6th Edition - Solutions by Chapter

Full solutions for Intermediate Algebra | 6th Edition

ISBN: 9780321785046

Intermediate Algebra | 6th Edition - Solutions by Chapter

Solutions by Chapter
4 5 0 364 Reviews
ISBN: 9780321785046

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Intermediate Algebra, edition: 6. The full step-by-step solution to problem in Intermediate Algebra were answered by , our top Math solution expert on 12/23/17, 04:59PM. Since problems from 90 chapters in Intermediate Algebra have been answered, more than 31216 students have viewed full step-by-step answer. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters: 90. Intermediate Algebra was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321785046.

Key Math Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
• Back substitution.

Upper triangular systems are solved in reverse order Xn to Xl.

• Cayley-Hamilton Theorem.

peA) = det(A - AI) has peA) = zero matrix.

• Determinant IAI = det(A).

Defined by det I = 1, sign reversal for row exchange, and linearity in each row. Then IAI = 0 when A is singular. Also IABI = IAIIBI and

• Ellipse (or ellipsoid) x T Ax = 1.

A must be positive definite; the axes of the ellipse are eigenvectors of A, with lengths 1/.JI. (For IIx II = 1 the vectors y = Ax lie on the ellipse IIA-1 yll2 = Y T(AAT)-1 Y = 1 displayed by eigshow; axis lengths ad

• Free variable Xi.

Column i has no pivot in elimination. We can give the n - r free variables any values, then Ax = b determines the r pivot variables (if solvable!).

• Hermitian matrix A H = AT = A.

Complex analog a j i = aU of a symmetric matrix.

• Indefinite matrix.

A symmetric matrix with eigenvalues of both signs (+ and - ).

• Multiplication Ax

= Xl (column 1) + ... + xn(column n) = combination of columns.

• Norm

IIA II. The ".e 2 norm" of A is the maximum ratio II Ax II/l1x II = O"max· Then II Ax II < IIAllllxll and IIABII < IIAIIIIBII and IIA + BII < IIAII + IIBII. Frobenius norm IIAII} = L La~. The.e 1 and.e oo norms are largest column and row sums of laij I.

• Normal matrix.

If N NT = NT N, then N has orthonormal (complex) eigenvectors.

• Nullspace matrix N.

The columns of N are the n - r special solutions to As = O.

• Nullspace N (A)

= All solutions to Ax = O. Dimension n - r = (# columns) - rank.

• Plane (or hyperplane) in Rn.

Vectors x with aT x = O. Plane is perpendicular to a =1= O.

• Projection p = a(aTblaTa) onto the line through a.

P = aaT laTa has rank l.

• Singular matrix A.

A square matrix that has no inverse: det(A) = o.

• Singular Value Decomposition

(SVD) A = U:E VT = (orthogonal) ( diag)( orthogonal) First r columns of U and V are orthonormal bases of C (A) and C (AT), AVi = O'iUi with singular value O'i > O. Last columns are orthonormal bases of nullspaces.

• Sum V + W of subs paces.

Space of all (v in V) + (w in W). Direct sum: V n W = to}.

• Toeplitz matrix.

Constant down each diagonal = time-invariant (shift-invariant) filter.

• Triangle inequality II u + v II < II u II + II v II.

For matrix norms II A + B II < II A II + II B II·

v + w = (VI + WI, ... , Vn + Wn ) = diagonal of parallelogram.

×

I don't want to reset my password

Need help? Contact support

Need an Account? Is not associated with an account
We're here to help