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Solved: Classify each element as a halogen, a noble gas,

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 62P Chapter 4

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 62P

Classify each element as a halogen, a noble gas, or neither.

(a) Ne

(b) Br

(c) S

(d) Xe

(e) I

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution 62P

Here, we are going to categorizes the following elements.

Step 1:

Periodic table is classified into four Blocks.

(i) s- block elements: it has 2 columns in the periodic table. This is because s orbital has maximum capacity of holding 2 electrons.

(ii) p-block elements :  it has 6 columns in the periodic table. This is because each set of p orbital has maximum capacity of holding 2 electrons. Total six electrons can hold by p orbitals.

(iii) d-block elements:it has 10 columns in the periodic table. This is because each set of d orbital has maximum capacity of holding 2 electrons. Total10 electrons can hold by d orbitals.

(iv) f-block elements: it has 14 columns in the periodic table. This is because each set of f orbital has maximum capacity of holding 2 electrons. Total 14 electrons can hold by f orbitals.

The placement of an element in the periodic table is characterized by its electronic configuration which is due to the position of that element.

Step 2:

Halogens are generally is known as salt producing element. Thus, Group 17 (Group VIIA) elements are called halogens. This is because, they are very reactive having oxidation state 1-. Due to this, halogens are not found in free form in nature.

Therefore, (b) Br  and (e) I are halogens.

Step 3 of 4

Chapter 4, Problem 62P is Solved
Step 4 of 4

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

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