Explain the difference between kinetic energy and potential energy.
Here, we are going to explain the difference between kinetic and potential energy.
An object having a capability to do work is said to possess energy. The various forms include potential energy, kinetic energy, heat energy, chemical energy, electrical energy and light energy.
The energy in motion is called kinetic energy. A falling coconut, a speeding car, a rolling stone, a flying aircraft, flowing water, blowing wind, a running athlete etc. possess kinetic energy. In short, kinetic energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its motion. The kinetic energy of an object increases with its speed.
On the other hand the energy possessed by any object by virtue of its position or configuration is called potential energy. For example, you transfer energy when you stretch a rubber band. The energy transferred to the band is its potential energy. You do work while winding the key of a toy car. The energy transferred to the spring inside is stored as potential energy.