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Lone Pair vs. Bonding Pair Electrons: Atomic Insights Unveiled

Chapter 10, Problem 6Q

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QUESTION:

What is the difference between lone pair and bonding pair electrons?

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Lone Pair vs. Bonding Pair Electrons: Atomic Insights Unveiled
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Explore the atomic world and the crucial distinctions between lone pair and bonding pair electrons in this insightful video. Delve into the fundamental aspects of atomic structure, electron orbitals, and their roles in chemical bonding, reactivity, and molecule formation.

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QUESTION:

What is the difference between lone pair and bonding pair electrons?

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Lone pair of electrons :

A lone pair refers to a pair of valence electrons that are not shared with another atom and is sometimes called a non-bonding pair. Lone pairs are found in the outermost electron shell of atoms. They can be identified by using a Lewis structure. Electron pairs are therefore considered lone pairs if two electrons are paired but are not used in chemical bonding. Thus, the number of lone pair electrons plus the number of bonding electrons equals the total number of valence electrons around an atom.

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