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What determines whether a substance is a solid, liquid, or gas?

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 3Q Chapter 12

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 3Q

PROBLEM 3Q

What determines whether a substance is a solid, liquid, or gas?

Step-by-Step Solution:
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Solution 3Q

The arrangement of the particles, the distance between the particles, their forces of attraction, the motion of the particles, its shape, volume, density, temperature, chemical structure and compressibility are the factors that determine if  a substance is a solid, liquid, or gas.

Also, the kinetic energies of the particles (atoms, molecules, or ions) that make up a substance also determines the state of a substance as kinetic energy tends to keep the particles moving apart and the attractive intermolecular forces between particles that tend to draw the particles together also determines the state of a substance.

        

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Chapter 12, Problem 3Q is Solved
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

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What determines whether a substance is a solid, liquid, or gas?