Determine the force created in the hydraulic cylinders EF and AD in order to hold the shovel in equilibrium. The shovel load has a mass of 1.25 Mg and a center of gravity at G. All joints are pin connected.

Energy Equation ● Ein - Eout + Egen = Estored – Does this refer to a Control Volume Jeff Luttrell MAE 3314 Spring 2016 1 Fourier's Law of Conduction ● In conduction, the flow of heat energy is proportional to the space derivative of the temperature – Heat Flow vs Heat Flux dT qx=−k A Eq. 2.1 dx qx dT q''x= =−k Eq. 2.2 A dx Jeff Luttrell MAE 3314 Spring 2016 2 Newton's Law of Cooling ●In convection, the flow of heat energy is proportional to a temperature difference – Heat Flow vs. Heat Flux q q''=